It is thought that the generation currently in the government and main controlling bodies will eventually pass out of power. There is a chance then the controlling bodies will change their way of thinking. However, the people in China's society will not pass on so soon, and it is their views that would certainly count in the development of a democratic state (Brook & Frolic, 1997, 25-28). Though opposing forces among the people are neo-authoritarianism and neo-conservatism, the general mood is pro-democracy.
One positive aspect of the people's views is that, over the past 15 to 20 years, the youth has largely been in favor of democratization. One example of democratic expression by youth was observed at Tienaman Square. Here, in the early 1990s, students in China assembled to carry out a protest, but were dispersed when the forces came down harshly on them and massacred many. This was certainly a black day for chances of democratizing China (Brook & Frolic, 1997, 25-28). Since this incident was not so long ago, people wonder what the government's mood towards democracy really is. However, since the gruesome incident at Tienaman Square there have been positive changes as well (Ding, 2002, 25-31).
China Signs the WTO Agreement:
One positive change regarding democratizing China is highlighted by China's entry to the World Trade Organization (WTO). This means that international democratic trade law applies to China like it does to other member countries of the WTO. The manner in which China is protected under trade law like other democratic countries is a positive sign (Bhattasali & Martin, 2004, 22-30).
Under the WTO agreement, China now allows countries to introduce their products in China, and importers in China operate with more liberty now. Also, China gains from this relationship, particular because of its mass production and low cost production capabilities, as it can introduce its products in other member countries as well. However, with each country it trades, it might have clauses in its agreements (Cass et al, 2003, 33-41).
Judging by the two events in China's history, the Tienaman Square massacre and China's WTO entry, it can be observed that there is evidence of significant change. It is thought that a democratization change in process in China is one that is moving along slowly and steadily. Certainly, an overnight change is unlikely, and gradually more changes are expected to take place.
External and Internal Pressure on China:
In addition to realizing the democratic changes that are beginning to take place in China, it also must be asserted that there is significant pressure on China, as other democratic countries repeatedly urge China to move ahead with democratization processes. Most of these countries include the developed ones, particularly those that are members of the WTO (Cass et al, 2003, 33-41). With external pressure and pressure from the youth within China that want more liberty, it is most likely that China will eventually be