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The Americans were indeed planning an offensive, against the Philippines with an assault on the island f Leyte scheduled for 20 October 1944. The operation started with the airfield attacks on Luzon. Preliminary to the Leyte operation, the fast carrier task force with a concentration f more than 1,000 planes attacked Okinawa, Formosa and the Philippines, exacting a large toll f Japanese air power18…
The Japanese lost four carriers, three battle ships, six cruisers, together with up to 10000 sailors and number f trained pilots19.
The main objective to capture this island was to have an advanced base for the final assault on southern Japan. The American Army and Marines landed at Okinawa on April 1, 1945. The Japanese opened a furious aerial counterattack, which included more than 350 Kamikaze attacks against U.S. ships and ground forces. Consequently, on April 8, 1945 the Allied Air Force began a campaign to destroy the Kamikaze bases in Japan. (Westphal Jr 267-268) However, the enemy attack continued in its intensity and by June 22, about 1,900 suicide planes had struck against Allied forces at Okinawa, sinking 25 ships. All the Kamikaze attack caused extraordinary Allied casualties. The Japanese did not have enough resources left for suicidal attack at the Okinawa bridgehead. The Japanese lost 7800 ac against 763 f allies in Leyte operation20.
The good coordination f the joint forces as well as the combined forces was very critical to the allied victory. This could be possible because f the good command and control structure under the able leadership f Gen Macarthur. (Coles 576-577)
The Strategic air offensive against Japan by B-29 had been going on for months. ...
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