Leadership is a way of motivating a group to enable them to achieve their aims. It is the process of influencing others to accomplish an objective (Daft & Marcic,2008). It is also the manner of guiding an organization to become consistent and unified. It also involves being responsible for the group as a whole…
He is either appointed by the senior levels of management or elected by the group. However, a leader can not have all the skills required of the role. The best situation will be to have as a leader someone who is flexible but firm. When it is required, he will let the leadership act to the others.
According to Kouzes and Posner (1995), leadership begins where management ends. The management system of reward and punishment will give way to the innovation, individual character and the courage of conviction of a leader. Management skills alone are not enough to create success in an organization. Leaders are needed to seek out areas to improve. They enjoy challenges and taking them head on. Leaders are motivated and expected to challenge existing paradigms.
The Theory X and Theory Y were first proposed by Douglas McGregor in his 1960 book The Human Side Of Enterprise. In his theory, there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. According to McGregor, Theory X is the authoritarian style of leadership while Theory Y is the participative style of leadership.(Hindle, 2003)
Theory X assumes that the average person dislikes work and will avoid it he/she can. In business, leaders must counteract an inherent human tendency to avoid work. Therefore most people must be forced with the threat of punishment to work towards organizational objectives. The average person prefers to be directed. He chooses to avoid responsibility. He is relatively unambitious, and wants security above all else.
Theory Y assumes that people have the tendency to exercise self-direction and self-control in an environment that favors them. This theory could motivate people to become high achievers. People will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organizational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment. Committed people considers effort in work as natural as work and play. Commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement.
The Five Level Leadership Hierarchy
Collins (2001) describes the leadership development as a level based process that moves from various stages in the development.
Level 1. Highly Capable Individual
The first level describes the person as a productive contributor. He offers talent, knowledge, skills and good work habits as an individual.
Level 2. Contributing Team Member
At this stage, the person bestows his share and effort to the achievement of team goals. He works effectively with others in the group.
Level 3. Competent Manager
The person now has the capabilities in setting plans and objectives. He has developed his capacity to organize people for the efficient and effective quest in achieving his set objectives.
Level 4. Effective Executive
The person has gone beyond competence and builds widespread commitment to a clear and compelling vision. He has the capabilities to stimulate and motivate people to high performance.
Level 5. The Leader
The last level of development is that of becoming a true leader. The person builds an enduring and great organization. The Level 5 leader puts the organization's interests above his own. He achieves success through a combination of personal humility and professional resolve. Most leaders of this type believe that the validation and recognition of their work only comes in the success of ...
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(“Leadership Theory Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
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It focuses on the connections that are formed between leaders and followers (Yukl, 2007). This theory in essence describes what leadership qualities should a leader possess in order to motivate and inspire his/her followers. Transformational leaders help members of their groups to understand the importance and nature of the task (Yukl, 2007).
Moreover, they are lacking a result-driven structure in that their duty boundaries are not set appropriately. In such a case, confusion might arise that will lead to even duplication of duties. In addition, it is unfortunate that instead of the team employing a unified commitment trait, they are working as individuals collectively.
Leadership Name Instructor Course Date Leadership Question one Path-Goal is a theory in leadership that stipulates how leaders should support and encourage their subordinates to achieve the institutions goals by ensuring the path in which their employees and follower should take, is easy and clarified.
It has been ascertained that both the leaders possessed different outlooks towards the management of employees. Notably, Ben revealed relationship oriented leadership while Phil demonstrated performance and task oriented leadership. These differences in the leadership styles are ascertained to have diverse impacts on the employee satisfaction and performance.
As a result, this exchange relationships between and among leaders and the subordinates ensure the attainment of organisational objectives. First, when leaders interact with the subordinates and give them a due
Clark was stepping down after reaching Merck’s mandatory retirement age of 65. Merck is the leader in global healthcare business and employs about 100,000 people globally. In the year 2009, the company has spent $41.1 in order to acquire Schering Plough, rival
The intention to invest in Syria, a country that is in conflict is an indicator that Alabbar is a risk taker that thrives in so doing. The view that the company is investing such amount, which is borrowed shows the commitment of the leadership to take advantage
Moreover, Teow is considerate; he initiated free fruits to enhance proper dieting. No punishment or quarrel is evident for those who defy; instead the management uses rewards and bonuses. As a matter of fact Teow leads
Secondly, Andy’s restaurant business is successful because of his public relation approach; in the case study that we have read, Andy says that customers come to his restaurant because they want to support someone
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