1. The Electoral College is a group of people who meet every four years to cast their vote for the President. They are electors from ach state based on population, and the candidate with the most electoral votes wins the election.
2. The Electoral College was written right into the Constitution by the Founding Fathers of the United States in an attempt to make a free and open, yet not giving people the absolute final say in elections.
There is also the problem of the unequal weight of votes. However, I n support of it is does generally support federal character in the nation, and requires a candidate to maintain wide spread support to win, and also helps keep the separations of powers in tact.
5. Pursuant to the Twelfth Amendment, the House of Representatives is required to go into session "immediately" to vote for President if no candidate for President receives a majority (270 votes) of the 538 possible electoral votes.
6. There are many suggest alternatives. One is simply for the popular vote to be the only deciding factor. There is also a proportional; system that is pending that would change the vote to go to candidates based on the percent of the vote they get.
7. No. It is not fair, all states do not get the same attention and smaller states are often left out. Candidates may not even campaign in smaller states because they know it is not worth their time or money. Big states and swing states get all the attention for the most part.
10. To me it seems less democratic, and people are not really voting for the candidate. ...