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Rehabilitation Model of Nursing - Essay Example

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Rehabilitation Model of Nursing

where the care may be really longer term, and hospitals.

Basic nursing theories or models, all aim to achieve unity in framework-based

healthcare delivery systems out of fragmentation within the nursing profession. There are

differences in educational preparation and specialisation of the nurses. There are

disparities in working conditions, and nursing framework and theories provide a new

avenue to nursing practice by a theory-guided practice, thus evidence-based practice in

nursing does include this theoretical framework. Evidenced-based practice as per

Standards of Practice in nursing will consider individual needs and preferences in relation

to healthcare whether it is individual or a group, based on explicit and judicious decisions

made on the basis of information synthesised from nursing theory and research (Ingersoll,

G. L., 2000). As a result, evidence-based practice nursing practice differs from nursing

theory-guided nursing practice in that, discipline-specific knowledge is placed in the

context of different theories. The evidence-based practice considers diagnosis,

interventions, and outcomes, whereas theory-based nursing considers the human at the

focus instead of the natural science in the centre (King, I. M., 1990). It has, therefore,

direct link to the perception of clients. The growing awareness of people is gradually

setting the focus to patient-centric healthcare where people seek experiences of being

honoured and cared for as an individual, not just as clients, who live a life in a

continuously changing environment. They desire to know whether their caregivers also

share the same life experiences as them and whether they care for them as whole human
beings. Rather than doing only...
According to Orem's theory, in order to maintain optimal health and wellness, each person not only has need for self-care, but also has ability and responsibility to care for themselves and dependants. This theory encompasses three concepts, self care, self care deficits, and the role of nursing system in this. Self care, therefore, is the ability to perform activities and meet personal needs. These personal needs will have a goal to maintain health and wellness of physique, psyche, and spirit. Self care can, hence, be visualised as a product of person, environment, health, and above all, nursing. It again has three components universal self-care needs, developmental self-care needs, and deviation from normal health. Universal self-care consists of essential minimal activities for health and vitality. The elements known to influence the conditions of self-care are air, water, food, elimination, activity and rest, solitude and social interactions, prevention of harm, and normality promotion (Moore, J.B. and Pichler, V.H., 2000). The developmental self-care need include interventions and educations designed to help a person to return to the optimal state of health and maintain it so that the person is able to sustain health and wellbeing. The part that can be directly applicable to rehabilitative care is health deviation self-care. ...Show more

Summary

The Orem model considers client as an individual with both physical and emotional requirements for development of self and maintenance of wellbeing. The environment is client specific, in that it defines environment as the client's surroundings that may affect or compromise client's ability to perform self-care activities…
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