StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Contingency Model (IP) - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Contingency Model (IP)

Organizational behavior is quite a complex phenomenon as it not only requires careful management of difficult and somewhat complicated behaviors on individual level but at the group level also. The existence of groups within organizations therefore is not a new concept and researchers, over the period of time, have been able to produce considerable research studies which shed light on the different organizational dynamics of the groups within organizations.
The concept of In Groups and Out Groups is one such important concept of group dynamics which deals with the dynamics of how groups interact and exist with each other. The formation of such groups can be based on tasks related or non-task related performance factors.
This research paper will present an analysis of the In Groups and Out Groups while at the same time attempt to provide real life examples of both the Groups while at the same time discussing the implications for the leadership of the organization.
In Group is a group with which people attempt to identify themselves as members. Within an organizational context, In Groups are formed by those employees who share common goal or objective and than they wish to associate themselves as members of that group. ...
The basic difference between the two is the fact that they differ in level of association with each group.
Example of In Groups
For example, employees working in different departments may form different In Groups because they share something common like their overall performance will be reflected at the same level if it is considered on organization wide level. Another example of in group would be members belonging to certain unions i.e. may be one union of labor or employees advocating certain cause whereas another union focuses on other objectives.
Example of Out Group
Similarly, an example of Out Group would include those employees or individuals who do not form wish to be part of certain specific union or group advocating certain other causes.
Major difference on the two situations
As discussed above that the basic difference between the situations is the level of association with each group. Due to association with in group, members provide tend to show in group bias by showing a favorable attitude towards members no matter if out group exist within that department. Further, In Group formation give rise to the collectivism i.e. people start to share common perceptions and attitudes no matter if initially they had some disagreement. Therefore the major and basic difference between the two situations is how people show their attitude to each other within the groups.
How the Two Groups Affected the Groups & the Organization
As discussed above that the formation of In Group and Out Group give rise to the collective thinking and attitudes therefore their formation can influence the organization as well as groups in negative as well as positive way. What is however more important is the fact that formation ...Show more


Group dynamics is one of the most critical concepts in organizational behavior. The existence of In Groups and Out Groups in organizations provides an opportunity to create an organizational environment which supports openness and criticism to different ideas…
Author : nikolasmcdermot
Contingency Model (IP) essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Contingency Model (IP)"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

IP multicast
These hosts are then utilized in transmission of packets to the required address. Hosts belonging to different groups can transmit packets to one another without any restrictions1. In the last few years certain applications are developed which have increased the efficiency of group devices and therefore IP multicast is now possible.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Mobile IP
Popular transport protocols, such as TCP (Allman et al., 1999), keep track of their internal session state between the communicating endpoints by using the IP address of the two endpoints and their port numbers. On the other hand, IP addresses are also used to find a route between the endpoints.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Contingency Model (DB)
According to the case study, Ash and bill gates depicts that Ash was more of people oriented personality who keeps driving her workforce towards the organizational goals. Where as Bill gates is more task oriented person who drives the concept of contribution from various ends of his organization.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Situational and Contingency Theories
In the context of nursing both Situational and Contingency, theories are implemented. However, these can affect the future of nursing particularly in the context of emergency or disaster planning in a hospital. (Maier, 2001) Contingency theories can be enumerated, as a part of the fundamental behavioral theory with states that each situation demands a different form of leadership quality therefore there can be no fixed definition of leadership.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Contingency Theories of Leadership
It tries to validate the idea that in order to be effective, an organisation must not only possess a proper 'fit' with the environment but also between its subsystems of hierarchies. It states that the requirements of organisations obtain optimum functionality when the processes of action and implementation in the organisation is effectively designed and the management style is responsive and appropriate simultaneously to the tasks undertaken and the nature of the work group.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Performance Failure: Contingency Planning
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." So said Franklin D. Roosevelt in an earlier time οf national crisis. Those words ring true for the Year 2000 crisis: The greatest thing we have to fear may not be Y2K itself, but the fear and panic caused by it. If automatic teller machines fail on January 1, 2000, will it be because οf software problems?
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Contingency Planning Outline
Therefore, risk assessment and contingency planning will need to be carried out by the concerned people at this resort. The first step is to recognize the need for a crisis plan (McIntosh, 2007). This has already been done. The resort
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Contingency Perspective Of Leadership
This paper aims to provide a more logical and less rigid perspective of leadership in the context of business environment. The leadership approach that is being discussed in this brief paper is ‘the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Compare the OSI model with the TCP/IP (DoD) model
The process layer defines the protocols which help in the implementation of the user-level applications. The host-to-host layer deals with the management and connection of data flow as well as retransmission of the lost data. The Internet layer transfers the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
IP 4
Starting from that time, iPhone has taken over from walkman and got into the society and impacted considerably in our social culture (McKeon & Pollan, 2006). IPhone was targeted at the young
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us