Strategies are important as it will not only help the organization achieve their objectives but also make the new comer in a team feel comfortable and more productive. Edith Penrose (1959) was one of the earliest academics to argue that "what happened inside the firm was just as important as the marketplace outside the firm". In fact till this concept came out the main focus of economics had been upon the marketplace outside the firm, with a detailed consideration of market demand and supply issues. Penrose argued that the growth of the firm was related to its use of resources, its past history and its evolution over time. He emphasised that the previous history was a key influence on future development. There are several issues that need to be kept in mind while the strategies are formulated. It is essential that different individuals have different potentials and these strategies need to help them bring out their full potential to accomplish the goals of the organization.
Supervisors and managers who have the responsibility to lead a group face the challenge of being part of a group while simultaneously leading it. It is very difficult to do well and demands for a mix of skill, hard work, plan, and discretion (Rockall and Gertsch, 2001). The main responsibility is the management of the team: ensuring safety, while providing an experience for the members. Their focus is to work to make the team run easily and work together to ensure the project aims are met. A good leader recognizes that they cannot do everything and they have to involve their team. Many of the leader's responsibilities can be delegated to members of the team.
When managing the team, leaders must continuously assess team members' needs, potential, and abilities and must consider those factors when allocating tasks. The best leaders are those who unite the needs of the task, the team, and the individual to create a strong team of happy participants, and have tasks completed to a soaring standard. In the absence of active monitoring followed by thoughtful decisions, the integration of the needs of the task, the team and the individual will not occur. Therefore, leaders must keep an eye on progress against the targets, the motivation and the enthusiasm of the team, the appropriateness of individuals for specific jobs, and many other items (Rockall and Gertsch, 2001).
Managing the team is about transforming a bunch of individuals into a well-functioning team that works efficiently and effectively toward the same goal(s). This is not an easy task and requires people skills such as public speaking, tact, discretion, decision-making, initiative, even-handedness, a sense of humor, willingness to give feedback, and above all hard work. Leaders will encounter many situations that require them to make decisions that affect the whole team. A few of these situations include personality clashes, poor weather, prejudice, lack of tools, accidents, dietary issues, and risks to health and safety. For example, absenteeism may be a serious problem that needs to be tackled by the leader. Experience is one of the most important aspects that help leaders deal with these situations. Each person has needs, and in order to establish a safe mental environment, leaders must ensure that people's individual needs