StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Failure of Chinas Cultural Revolution - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Failure of Chinas Cultural Revolution

The Red Guards generation benefited from neither Maoist socialism nor Dengist reform. Mao's revolution abandoned them, sweeping them out of urban centers; Deng's reform left them on the sidelines when China moved to embrace the market.
In Mao's era the Red Guards generation were the poorest of all poor Chinese, living at the lowest income level. This poverty impeded their exploiting the opportunities of Deng's reforms. The increasing costs of economic reform often started with them, further diminishing their capacity for competing in the market. Mao's revolution made them poor, forcing them to live a terrible life without economic liberty or any chance of improvement. It was even more painful when Deng's reform left them poor while Deng's regime glorified the rich (Tsou, 1996).
Ever since they had been forced into society, they had been living on an income that only kept body and soul together. For those in the cities, working life began with an apprenticeship in factories, at 18 Yuan a month. When Deng's reform began, they had climbed to the second lowest grade of China's eight-grade salary system for workers, having a monthly salary of less than 40 Yuan. In the 1970s and early 1980s this salary allowed them some small savings, but it often took them 1 or 2 years before they could buy a Shanghai-produced watch or bicycle, each priced at around 150 Yuan. Of those who went to the countryside, a minority was assigned to the military-imitated 'farming corps'. (Dutton, 2004)They first lived on a monthly subsidy of about 15 Yuan and later, when they had to pay for their own food, on a stipend system with '285 dimes' a month, as one sent-down youth mocked it. The majority had been forced into the villages and lived on a 'points system' (gongfenzhi) of people's communes. If a sent-down youth became a ten-points laborer (the highest rank), his (or her) 1 day work in most areas was valued at 30-50 cents on the village's account. If he worked over 330 days, at the end of the year he might get 40-60 Yuan after the deduction of the costs of the grain and other agricultural products he had received during the year. In a few areas ten-points a day was worth over 1 Yuan, but in many areas ten-points a day was worth 20, 10 or only 7 cents. Even worse, the sent-down youths were often not regarded as ten-points laborers. (Yang, 1997)
Those in the cities were among the poorest because they were at the bottom of the urban salary ladder that was framed on seniority. Those in the 'farming corps' were among the poorest, because they were treated as the lowest ranked 'farming soldiers' (bingtuan zhanshi), while others in their 'corps' were either 'farming officers' or 'farming workers', living on a slightly higher salary. (Gittings, 2005)Those in the villages were amongst the poorest becau ...Show more


No generation in the People's Republic suffered more misfortunes than the Red Guards generation. In childhood they experienced the great famine of 1959-1961; in adolescence they endured the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) which closed schools and sent them to the countryside; in their twenties they were told to defer marrying and to have one child only when they did marry; in their thirties they were denied opportunities of career promotion because they lacked the college diplomas recently required; in their forties many of them were suddenly laid off by their employers (Dutton, 2004)…
Author : aniyah68
The Failure of Chinas Cultural Revolution essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Failure of Chinas Cultural Revolution"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

The Sixties: Cultural Revolution
The 1960s is the seventh decade of the 20th Century.It denotes inter related political and cultural trends world wide.This decade is described as the cultural decade than the actual decade itself especially from 1963 to1974.In America, the Sixties is a term that the journalists use to describe nostalgically the social revolution and the counter culture near the end of the decade
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Was the great leap forward Chinas failure to comprehend stalinism
tid=658020). Time also classified him as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century (Time Magazine,1998, The Time 100, December,8, Mao seized power in 1949 in a bloody civil war. Before that the one facet of Mao’s character that must be understood is that right from 1927 he had been perpetually waging some form of war through out against his own Chinese opponents.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The 1960s Cultural Revolution: Was it a Triumph for Individualism
Various forces shaped the cultural revolution during this time, including parts played by the New Left, the antiwar movement, and the counterculture. Among the factors that made the 1960s an extraordinary era were the political activism, protests, music, and social conduct.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Was the Cultural Revolution 'Mao's Revolution'
This revolutionary phase struck the country for one decade starting from 1966 till 1976. Mao Zedong was the central figure to the Cultural Revolution of China and he took this major step for bringing about drastic progressive changes in China which was in its dark period of poverty and losses during most of the twentieth century.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Cultural Revolution in 1960s Britain
Naturally, the reactions that will occur within a discussion of the 1960s will vary from place to place and among different age groups. A significant amount of literature referencing the effects of the 1960s on society in the Western World exists in libraries and on the Internet today, but in comparison, there is relatively little addressing the effects on countries such as Britain.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Cultural Revolution in China
Some knowledge of Chinese culture is necessary to understand the argument this paper proposes. To support the argument I will investigate period specific literature as well as modern reinterpretations. It is important to note that during this investigation more questions arose and were addressed.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Chinas Threats
In order to assess these elements of the China threat, there is a need to define the perceived threats, their nature, and origin. To start with, the different aspects or fields where the threats are believed to be imminent should be identified. After that, the extent and the chances of these threats being realized should be determined.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
The failure of Chinas Cultural Revolution reveals Maos unrealistic economic plans, his overemphasis on the quantitative industrial production and class strugg
heir twenties they were told to defer marrying and to have one child only when they did marry; in their thirties they were denied opportunities of career promotion because they lacked the college diplomas recently required; in their forties many of them were suddenly laid off by
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Chinese history: cultural revolution
In addition, he was greatly worried of his inherent position and power within the party coupled with legacy concerns. Thirdly, Mao desired for policy reforms that would introduce revolution within health care, cultural systems, and educational sector.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
How the revolution affect the cultural and human relationship
The Majority of the people affected were two-third of the population made up of youngsters of which Liang Heng belonged. This period in the book "Son of the Revolution” was marked by the social,
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation