StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Human Pscychology - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Human Pscychology

As a result, modern psychology is an amalgam of stances, theories and perspective that supplement or contradict each other.
Functional psychology or functionalism is a broad psychological school that became popular in the early decades of 20th century. Advocates of functional approach focused on the active (functional) adaptation of human consciousness to the environment (Vandenbos, 2006). Functional psychology relied on the work of William James, a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher, and the evolutionary theory developed of Charles Darwin. The primary concern of functionalists was to understand how the human mind and consciousness functions. Functionalists believed that this could be done via introspection: "Functionalists studied the mind not from the standpoint of its composition-its mental elements of structure-but rather as a conglomerate or accumulation of functions and processes that lead to practical consequences in the real world" (Schultz, & Schultz, 2008, p.145). As a result, functionalists rejected the traditional positivist philosophy of experimental research and advocated the potential of rational thought being concerned with the capability of the mind and practical value of psychological research.
The essence of functional psychology was articulated by John Dewey, the brightest representative of functionalism, in his "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" (1896). Dewey criticized the notion of elementarism and atomism that dominated early psychology. His criticism also covered the emerging school of behaviorism with its stimulus-response theory (Dewey, 1964). Although functional psychology failed to become a formal school, the concepts and principles formulated by representatives of this approach contributed greatly to the development of behavioral psychology (Schultz, & Schultz, 2008). An essential contribution of functionalism was recognition of the validity of research involving animals, children and people with psychiatric disabilities. Yet the most important contribution of functionalism to contemporary psychological practice was introduction of novel research methods and techniques such as mental tests, questionnaires and physiological measures (Biro, & Shahan, 1982). This legacy continues to play critically important role in modern psychological practice.

Behaviorism
The origins of behaviorist perspective, a theory successfully applied in modern psychological practice can be traced back to John Watson (1878 - 1958) whom was the first theorist to formulate the principles of modern behaviorism. His definition of this approach was highly practical: Watson believed psychology should be a purely objective field of knowledge used to accurately predict and control human behavior. Introspection and self-analysis in psychology were announced useless; besides Watson stated there were no difference between humans and animals thus neglecting the concept of the conscious and unconscious as such (Watson, 1913).
Watson relied primarily on the Ivan Pavlov's discovery of the mechanism of classical conditioning. Pavlov's studies of dog's digestion transformed the common understanding of learning and behavior. The scientist carried out a series of experiments ...Show more

Summary

Explaining human psychology and behavior is one the most intriguing and complex tasks associated with the science of psychology. Numerous outstanding thinkers repeatedly attempted to understand the behavior of other people and create effective tools and strategies to change it…
Author : erich15
Human Pscychology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Human Pscychology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Human origins, human problems
This paper gives an insight into issues related to Homo floresiensis. First of all, an introduction has been given as to what it is and where it was discovered. Its evolution and the discovery of LB1 have been taken into account. After that, the controversies that have been rising since the unearthing of LB1 specimen have been discussed in detail.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Human Development
As a result of this, positive energy cultivates in the individual and he/she is able to make positive approach towards life. Optimism works by enhancing the individual’s mood. It raises the individual’s morale so that he/she has high self esteem. This is conducive for the display of best performance both in the personal and social life.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Human Resource
In the past, the department which managed employees was referred to as the personnel department. This has been changed to human resources and highlights the importance of the employees in the success of a
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Pscychology
Group activities are often a breeding ground for conflict. A true solution to resolve a conflict should be one that satisfies both the parties and could be achieved by communication and negotiation. Another strategy would be
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Human Resources
Hotel resort lodging is a service business. Aside from the lodging space that hotel resorts provide with customers, what the customers pay for in response to their accommodation needs include all the services that the hotel resort provides. From the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Human Rights
Across the globe, human rights are violated in different forms. On Individual front, the element of racism is found in nearly every second society, where people are discriminated by their creed and race rather than their personal abilities and human rights. On mass
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Human resources
It also involves the determination of the employee’s salaries, the provision of incentives or benefits, appraising the employee’s
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Human rights
In this regard, the international community has with time legislated international human rights law, which stipulates on the way every country should act in regard to promoting and protecting
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Human Resource
The human resources management is a function that is concerned with employee recruitments, training, and development, performance appraisal, and rewarding, for instance, managing pay and benefits systems) (Kumar, 2011).  In
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Human nature
le, the virtue of punctuality has played a huge role in improving my academic performance as punctuality helps me reach the school in time, deliver the assignments in time, and timely revise my lessons so that I am able to achieve good grades. Similarly, the virtue of
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation