The two authors are diverse in the time of their writing, the genre of their literary expression and the themes that they handled in their works. While Antonio Buero Vallejo born in 1916 died only in 2000, Ana Rossetti was born in 1950. The predominant vehicle for the literary expression of Vallejo was drama while Rossetti chose to use poetry as her medium of expression. The recurring theme of Vallejo was the fate of the dissenter in a modern society. Rossetti experimented the gay aspect of human sexuality in her works. However, both writers are the representatives of the postmodern school of writers who stole the lime light with the emancipation of Spanish literature in the early 70s of the century from the political and religious clutches that was a integral part of Spanish life and society. The reading of these authors who handle diverse genre of literature and whose literary activities were spread over chronologically as well as politically different facets of Spanish life is bound to give the scholar insight into the post modern trends in Spanish literature in its vibrant cultural and political context.
The opening of Buero Vallejo's Historia de una escalera (Story of a Staircase) in 1949 was the dawn of new era for the theater of Spain after the crippling period of the Spanish Civil war of 1936-1939. The Spanish theater earlier doled out an escapist fare to the audience. In contrast to the huge strides that the European theater had made, it can truly be called that the Spanish theater was in its infancy. The great Norwegian writer Henrik Ibsen was taking drama to new heights with his Doll's House. According to Sheparrd Barr (149) the writings of Ibsen resulted in France a debate on the possibility of an expression of counter-culture in drama that questioned the existing of norms of French morality. In England it resulted in the questioning of the Victorian concepts of social issues and drama became a lively expression of the debate of social issues by using characters as mouthpieces for different social ideas. In England Bernard Shaw emboldened by the success of Ibsen was experimenting with the problem plays. In Shaw's own words: I created nothing; I invented nothing; I imagined nothing; I perverted nothing; I simply discovered drama in real life. It took a few decades for Spanish Drama to come to its own stature in Europe. It is surprising that the Spanish drama remained unaffected by the cataclysmic changes that were sweeping through Europe in the realm of literature. It was in this context that we have to evaluate the contributions of Vallejo.
All the plays of Vallejo are tragedies that make critical explorations to inquire the problems of Spain and her destiny. However they are also journeys into human conditions. This gives his plays topicality as they are centered on Spanish affairs and at the same time the human interest makes it truly universal in its impact and appeal. Vallejo considers tragedy as the finest expression of our struggle to liberate ourselves from the shackles that enslave us. Some of these shackles are external and internal while other are social and personal. The main impediments to the