International Urben Policy Essay

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Centre, power, normal, self, knowledge, Ideology and narrative have become epistemologically and discursively challenged or re-defined. The oldest proverb "Knowledge is power", may sound ironically problematic under the light of Foucault's (The Archaeology of Knowledge, 1969) analysis of power, where he connects the two interminably, by saying that power and knowledge are interdependent.


In contrast to Bordieu's concept of habitus1, the Ideological State Apparatuses consist of social institutions like school, university etc that help spread a particular discourse of thought-process and archetypal pattern of understanding in a particular way (like Christian concept of good and evil). The Repressive State Apparatus are agents of repression, like the Police, that teach by force and thus maintain the necessary consensus. While the institutions teach through the medium of language that is itself colored with discursive power to subjugate a subject in the given hegemony almost without any conflict or force. Lacan (1968)2 explains this linguistic paradox in his theory of language where he says that the stage when s subject enters the realm of the "symbolic" sphere, the self/consciousness becomes a complex site where one loses the capability to express beyond that given medium of language, which is finite and a complex site of power play. Language is not neutral, but an agent of defining this ideological and hegemonic base. ...
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