Following the Lindbergh trial in 1937, the American Bar Association, appointed a committee to investigate the legality and constitutionality of cameras in courtrooms. Following an exhaustive analysis of the law, the committee recommended a total ban on cameras in courtrooms…
The closing decade of the twentieth century was witness to the live broadcast of every detail of the O.J. Simpson murder trial, giving millions of viewers, not just in the United States, but across the world, access to the entirety of the courtroom proceedings (Cohn and Dow, 2002). As Hernandez (1996) reports, proponents of the practice maintain that the televising of courtroom proceedings does not just give the public access to the workings of their judicial system but allows them to oversee the government, as it is their right to do. Opponents, however, quite rightly maintain that the practice, however, conflicts with both the defendant's right to privacy and his/her expectations of a fair trial (Hernandez, 1996).
The argument in favor of cameras in courtrooms is predicated on the Constitution, the First Amendment and theoretical function of the media as watchdog. Both the Freedom of Information Act and the First Amendment clearly explicate the public's right to know, implying, as N. Hentoff (2000) argues, the constitutionality of live coverage of court trials. According to this perspective, the constitutionality of cameras in the courtrooms stems from the fact that the U.S. ...
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(“First Amendment and the Freedom of Information Act Essay”, n.d.)
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(First Amendment and the Freedom of Information Act Essay)
“First Amendment and the Freedom of Information Act Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/275526-first-amendment-and-the-freedom-of-information-act.
(First Amendment) What is important to note is that while this amendment grants the rights to protest, it does clarify that it is to be accomplished in a peaceable manner. The actions of the group of Teaching Fellows and Monique can be viewed as having the intent to cause a civil disturbance and promote violence being done to another.
The first amendment to the United States charter is the portion of Bill of Rights. It states "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances ("History of the First Amendment")." The first amendment bound the Congress, that it must not force any regulation, which diminishes the autonomy of speech in any medium.
This can be said to be the main issue that the courts will deal with as they try to determine whether Mr. White’s actions fall under free speech and the boundaries that have been set for it. Once in trial, the defense will no doubt attempt to argue that the accused was just practicing his right of freedom of expression and simply offering his opinion on a subject to those who would listen to him thus he has done no wrong (Rosen).
Freedom of expression not only encompasses the rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, but also the right to assemble as well as to appeal to the government in case of complaints. The First Amendment, which was implemented in 1791, stated that the congress would not create any law respecting formation of religion, or barring the open exercise thereof; or shortening the openness of speech, or of the press; or the moral of the citizens peaceably to collect, and to request the Government for a redress of complaints.
The new American settlers brought with them a desire for democracy and openness. They left behind a history of tyranny and official control of information. Using this experience as their guide, the constitutional fathers wrote into their new Constitution a Bill of Rights, which contained the First Amendment.
While these notions were contradicted in 2004 as:
The first notion on media censorship which I will discuss about relates to the infamous director Michael Moore famous for a film on Columbine high school massacre, his epic Fahrenheit 9/11. Its story revolves around the US president.
According to them, the Congress must pass on legislation to chop off the amount of spam. 2 Spam messages are used to flood e-mailboxes, all over the internet. They sell everything that can be from sex to education. It is communicated with the internet users either by sending bulk of mails or through the posting of newsgroups, carrying to the internet mailing list.
In the light of this, civil society organizations being fully aware of how the possession of information in the citadel of political institutions has created ineffective imbalances between the political elite and the citizenry took up a massive campaign to reverse the trend.