First of all, let us briefly analyze the details of the situation Katia is in. It is wartime, which means that all people suffer in an approximately the same manner. At the same time, it is safe to suppose that normal ways of punishment, like possibility of arrest and trial which might scare the girl under normal conditions, are not working because of the shift in priorities to the need for a town to survive. So, the factor of the fear of punishment is weakened for Katia, which adds to this case the additional relevance as it turns it into a purely moral dilemma that Katia faces before stealing. Now, let us adopt a view that the followers of the tradition of egoism in ethics would promote. According to egoism, one is and should be always motivated by self-interest, which definitely justifies Katias act of stealing, and on a superficial level even makes it justified during hard but peaceful times. However, the problem for ethical egoism is to find out what is ultimately in ones interest. ...Show more
There are some basic concepts that people use on a regular basis, and which to a large degree make our interaction with the world and with others meaningful. The notions of ethics and morality definitely belong to the list of such important conceptions, and can even be considered superior to many other ones as without our assurance that our beliefs are morally justified we can hardly hope to effectively cooperate in the social environment, which in its turn would clearly render us quite helpless in our everyday life…
This is justified from the idea of theories being credited for their ability to find answers to various predicaments in the society. Consequently, a myriad of theories were brought forward so as to attempt to explain human behavior. This essay shall analyze the theories of Universal Ethical Egoism theory, Rule Utilitarianism Theory and Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation Theory and which among them conforms to the basics of ethics in society.
Professionals in the justice system are authorized to exercise power and authority over others by the use of force if necessary, and they can be tempted to abuse these powers while carrying out there duties and that is why ethics is crucial in decisions involving discretion and force in due process.
This led to the standard ethical notions of ethical naturalism which gave rise to the problem of integrating ethics with beliefs about the world and led to the conception of normative ethics. The modern times have however shown that there is no place for descriptive-normative gaps for the explanation of ethical naturalism and that this ethical naturalism has become a "naturalistic fallacy" far from the post modern notions of blatant relativism.Therefore I would agree with the proposition that there has been a necessary shift from Modernity to Post-Modern, towards a knowledge based ethical discourse.
Humanitarian aid to save lives of the neediest, while respecting the dignity of each person affected by armed conflict, famine, disease or natural disasters. Clarke (1999) mentions that a global policy in which international efforts are concentrated mainly in the fight against terrorism raises important ethical dilemmas surrounding the legitimacy of humanitarian agencies.
After the industrial revolution, the industrialists wanted to earn more and more by making their employees work harder and for longer duration. This affected the workers in many ways hence the government decided to implement some rules and regulations according to the guidelines of ethics.
A simple explanation can be that the actions are judged good or bad by their results. For example if I lie to save someone's life than this would be judged as ethical according to the ethical norms that I follow.
The result that I got can really help me in my personal and professional development in a number of ways.
rvasive and all acceptable universal moral code of ethics to help human beings to lead a day to day life based on rational principles has been an age-old research. Ethics is defined as a moral philosophy and as a discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and
Mendelssohn immensely influenced and greatly contributed to the German Enlightenment period and the formation of modern Jewish ideology. Mendelssohn’s notion of enlightenment has been a constant subject of