Labelling Theory on Crime and Deviance

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In 1963, Howard S. Becker developed the labeling theory in a response towards the problem of crime and deviance. Although the early sixties was also an evolution towards the independent human spirit which later on would evolve in to the hippie era as we know it and from this scene we can understand how it was that Becker created a theory in which the labeling of a person who has committed deviant acts as being detrimental to the future of the person as well as the society in which the person is in as they will be morally judged and thus pushing them further back towards their deviance.


Lemert studied North Pacific Coastal Indians and examined social reactions and deviance. Lemert argued in correlation to his study was that deviance was caused by social reactions, his study found out that stuttering did not exist among American Indians and that they did not even have a word to describe speech irregularity. However the North Pacific Coastal Indians whom had a rich history involving speech as traditional ceremonies dictated and praised those who had oral abilities such as singing and speech-making. Because of this parents who usually initiate small children into the society by ceremonies such as this are very cautious and fearful of any speech impediment that their children might have. Those who failed or did not have the ability to become highly articulate were scorned and was vulnerable to peer pressure, this in return resulted a higher rate of speech defects due to cautionary fear. This was in comparison to the other American Indian societies that did not appear to label that such defects exist. ...
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