StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Social Stratification - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
These unequal rewards are evident not only in the distribution of wealth and income but even in the distressing mortality rates of impoverished communities. Stratification involves the ways in which social inequalities are assed on from one generation to the next thereby producing groups of people arranged in rank order from low to high. 1
Stratification is one of the most important and complex subjects of sociological investigation because of its pervasive influence on human interactions and institutions. Social inequality is an inevitable result of stratification in that certain groups of people stand higher in social rankings, control scarce resources, wield power, and receive special treatment. The consequences of stratification are evident in the unequal distribution of wealth and income within industrial countries.
Is it necessary that some members of society receive greater rewards than others Can social life be organized without structured inequality Do people need to feel socially and economically superior to others These questions have been debated by social theorists for centuries. Such issues of stratification have also been of deep concern to political activists. Utopian socialists, religious minorities, and members of recent countercultures have all attempted to establish communities which to some extent or other abolish inequality in social relationships.
"Social science research has found that inequality exists in all societies even the simplest. Stratification is universal in that all societies maintain some form of differentiation among members. Depending on its values, a society may assign people to distinctive ranks based on their religious knowledge, skill in hunting, beauty, trading expertise or ability to provide healthcare." 2
Functionalist and conflict sociologists offer contrasting explanations for the existence and necessity of social stratification. Functionalists maintain that a differential system of rewards and punishments is necessary for the efficient operation of society. Conflict theorists argue that competition for scarce resources results in significant political, economic and social inequality.
In everyday life, people in the United States are continually judging relative amounts of wealth and income by assessing the cars people drive, the neighborhoods in which they live, the clothing they wear and so forth. Yet it is not so easy to locate an individual within our social hierarchies as it would be in slavery or caste systems of stratification. In order to determine someone's class position, sociologists generally rely on the objective method.
The objective method of measuring social class views class largely as a statistical category. Individuals are assigned to social classes on the basis of criteria such as occupation, education, income and residence. The key to the objective method is that the researcher rather than the person being classified makes a determination about an individual's class position.
The first step in using this method is to decide what indicators or causal factors will be measured objectively whether wealth, income, education or occupation. The prestige ranking of occupations has proved to be a useful indicator in determining a person's class position. The term prestige refers to respect and admiration with which an occupation is regarded by society.
Prestige is independent of the particular individual who occupies ...Show more


Ever since people began to speculate about the nature of human society, their attention has been drawn to differences that can be readily observed between individuals and groups within any society. The term social inequality describes a condition in which members of the society have different amounts of wealth, prestige and power…
Author : kareem54
Social Stratification essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Social Stratification"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Sociology - Social Stratification
“Social stratification”, Macionis observes, “is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.” (2008, p.254) Ethno-racial background, religion and socioeconomic position include the most dominant indicators of social stratification.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Social stratification and Film
Titanic, released in 1997 and directed by James Cameron, was the movie sufficient to discuss these social aspects, such as class and race or ethnicity. The film casted by Leonardo DiCaprio as Jack Dawson, Kate Winslet as Rose DeWitt Bukater, Billy Zane as Cal Hockley, Kathy Bates as Molly Brown as main characters.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Social stratification
Social class also refers to a concept that centers on various models of social stratification where people are put together in groups of hierarchical categories of social standing with the main ones being lower, middle, and upper class. A social class refers to a set of persons who are in a similar position economically (Levine, 2010).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Religous Social Stratification
Social stratification leads to social inequality where some groups of people stand higher in social ranking, control scarce resources, have wield power and receive special treatment. There are four main stratification systems and they include the caste system, slavery, open class and the estate system.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Social Stratification
Weber has given the three component theory of stratification based on class, status and party or politics. In this stratification class is an economical factor while status and politics are non economical factors. It includes the relationship between employer and employee, renter and owner and others.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Social Stratification
has provided me with a basis to identify with people belonging to a certain class, on the other hand, it has eradicated the equality at all levels which has its own negative implications. My life would have been worse if I had been living in a caste-based system instead of a
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Social Stratification
The article further explains the division of status within different positions of a particular society and even places emphasis on the factors that cause and promote inequality. The article does not refer to the status of
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Social stratification
A social class refers to a set of persons who are in a similar position economically (Levine, 2010). In this system, their occupation is vital since it gives the persons benefits
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Deviance/Social stratification
Contribution of the social, cultural activities to the functionality of the system can have an easy explanation based on the nature of functionalism. Deviance, therefore, two
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Social Stratification - Discussion 5
Social stratification is a ranking process where people categorize themselves hierarchically using the resources that they control. Social stratification and leadership are forms of social constructs of reality. This is because societies
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Social Stratification for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us