In the situation of Justin Case, the judge found Case competent to be tried due to his mental competency at the time of trial. The judge found him legally insane based upon his mental state at the time of the committed felony. Based on the Model Standard created by the American Law Institute, "if at the time of his conduct as a result of mental disease or defect he lacks substantial capacity either to appreciate the criminality (wrongfulness) of his conduct or to conform his conduct to the requirements of law." (emphasis added) Case may have been mentally competent for his trial; however, there must have been evidence to the contrary at the time of his committed felony.
Indiana ) The majority reached this conclusion based on the fact that the petitioner was deaf, had no ability to read or write and that it was doubtful that the petitioner could even develop an ability to communicate by sign language. Since the petitioner was entirely unable to communicate, it was decided that he should be hospitalized until that time in which he could testify. In the case that he would never be able to communicate, the defendant would be hospitalized permanently.
Since Case was found 'not guilty', his term of hospitalization depends entirely upon his own mental state. In the case of Jones vs. United States, the petitioner, Jones, committed a range of felonies and upon hospitalization was diagnosed "Schizophrenia, Paranoid Type." (Jones vs. United States)Jones was eventually granted acquittal based on Insanity, and was hospitalized until considered stable. Since Case was labeled "legally insane," he could be hospitalized until stable in a similar situation.
An actuarial risk assessment tool is used to predict a dangerous behavior as well as the rate of recurrence, impact and likely victims of said behavior. One such assessment tool used for preventing violence was presented by Patterson and colleagues. This is the SAD PERSONS mnemonic, and it is used to prevent suicides by the interpretation of collected data concerning the possibly suicidal nature of the individual. The VISAT, or Victorian Intervention Screening Assessment Tool, is a risk assessment tool used for sexual offenders. The VISAT uses Corrections personnel to predict future occurrences of criminal behavior base on information about the offender. VISAT also focuses upon 'changeable' aspects of the offender's life in order to indicate where risk is high or where treatment could be effective.
There are several positive outcomes of Actuarial risk assessment. Through its process, correctional personnel are able to predict a criminal profile so as to identify when and where a criminal will commit a felony. Such felonies may be prevented by the use of actuarial risk assessment. However, this type of risk assessment is subject to personal opinion, and one wonders how accurate such a prediction could be. In structure clinical judgment, the assessment is based on clinical interviews and observation. Clinical judgment has the added bonus of a professional opinion administered by a trained clinician. However, structure clinical judgment does not include statistical information of any kind; the assessment is based solely on one person's opinion. In the end, there is always the presence of human error.
Currently, the relationship between mental illness and crime seems to be effective. According to Jeanne Y. Choe and colleagues, the highest percentage of offenders occurs in committed patients before hospitalization. This seems ...
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(“Criminal Psychology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
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(Criminal Psychology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Criminal Psychology Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/276187-criminal-psychology.
Abnormal psychology Jack the Ripper The fact that Jack the Ripper was never identified and in the absence of prior clinical assessment records that provide a detailed explanation of his past personal history and family history, it proves difficult to provide an accurate diagnosis of his mental state.
Whereas behavioural theories posit that the environment influences personality, psychodynamic theories support internal mechanisms over external factors in the development of personality. Humanist theories combine the other two theories, but advocates for free will as the basis for developing personality and behaviour change.
She packs her bags and goes. Not knowing what to do, Alan picks up a hunting rifle and goes in search of Clive. He looks through the pub window and sees both Betty and Clive together. Whilst taking aim at Clive with the rifle, Dennis, an old friend from the pub, staggers over Alan and gives him a hard slap on the back.
Both Arnold and Dan have criminal cases which are enforceable in law through the prosecutor who sue them on behalf of the state. A substantive criminal is enforced as the criminal procedure is composed of rules governing the series of proceedings. During the court proceedings of both cases, the criminal procedures should balance the state's interest and the defendant's right as they are designed to ensure that defendant's rights are protected.
Remaining silent is a right5 that can be exercised by any arrested person during police interview and trial, so that police cannot fabricate evidence, because an accused is not a compellable witness, according to Keane (1996, p. 364). Interview is usually for the benefit of police, to assist their task of seeking more evidence6.
in the form of some verbal or written confession to the fact, then the possibility of manslaughter arises.
There is also the legal duty to act because of an actual or implied contract. For example, in R. v. Pitwood (1902) a defendant was convicted of manslaughter after he failed to close a level crossing gate with the result of a hay cart and a train colliding.
(Biology Online) The discipline discusses psychological motivation and stimulation leading human minds towards committing a criminal act and delinquent behavior.
HISTORY: Though criminal psychology is not an
For the last 6 months, Peeta and Shami have had a number of violent arguments. Due to the recession, Peeta has been informed by Shiraab Plc. that he may be made redundant. Consequently, Peeta has been under a great deal of stress and has turned to heavy drinking. He now suffers from chronic alcoholism.
For example Survey research can be used to check how mass media is affecting people to shift their opinions. Survey Research can be applied to the Criminal Justice in order to check the effectiveness of policies
inning of the days when videography, or motion picture, as it is said in the passage; was established, it has created a significant impact on our society. The writer tries to state his point that while this motion picture has put on smiles on faces, made people happy, amused
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