StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Shifting Power to Make a Difference - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Shifting Power to Make a Difference

The problems that faces the institutions that handle international aid - whether they may be on the supply side or intermediaries- is how to best utilize the fund such that the intended improvements for the beneficiary are achieved. This has especially been a growing concern because even with the billions of dollars that have been donated and already consumed, much of the inequalities still remain and the gap seems to be growing. That is, the amount spent is not proportional to the benefits and development acquired whether it may be material or personal.
As with all issues and problems, a number of perceived solutions especially from scholars have been forwarded to address the inefficiency of handling and utilizing international aid. Robert Chambers and Jethro Pettit are two such scholars with their composition entitled "Shifting Power to Make a Difference". In this essay, the concept of power to control and to decide as confined to the few is the reason blamed for the inadequacy and inappropriateness of handling international aid. For Chambers and Pettit, the orientation of organizations tends to be non-inclusive meaning the donors usually dictate how the aid is going to be used. This become problematic because the donors may take an inappropriate and even a skewed perspective. Even with the best of intentions, it is simply not the same as asking and considering the voice of the beneficiaries what their problems and perceived solutions are and having them take a participatory role and not just a passive role in a matter that will ultimately be affecting their lives. The effect to the poor of confining decisions and implementations to the donor and intermediary is what Chambers and Pettit would call an "alien hand".
The authors recognize that the problem is in the system and not some external factor. With power already confined to those in the upper echelons, the "norms and procedures combined with personal behavior, attitudes and beliefs, serve to reinforce these existing power relations." (p. 137)
Chambers and Pettit identify four action domains that should address the problem with the system and personal behavior. They are the following:

Understanding and Analyzing Power

Within the mechanism involved in international aid lies the basic issue of who gets to decide and who gets to control. To effect change, we must first be aware of the power relations that exist and determine their impact on aid and development. Only thru awareness and understanding of these power relations can we get an idea of how to best acquire and use it. The authors point out that with knowledge of the implications of the power exercised by donor agencies can they realize the importance of sharing power such as encouraging beneficiaries to make a more proactive stance. The attitude of "I give therefore I decide" could be avoided by acknowledging that those who received are the ones ultimately affected and should therefore be given an opportunity to voice out their opinion.

Narrowing the gaps between words and actions

For Chamber and Pitt, the lingo used in international aid is problematic. As an example, they cite the use of the word "partnership" which "implies collegial equality and mutual reciprocity" but in reality, only those "who control the funding call the shots". What ...Show more

Summary

In a world of inherent inequalities that we live in, there has been many attempts to achieve the ideal- the narrowing of the gap of the social divide. It is undeniable that there are rich countries that can afford luxuries as well as poor nations that have most of their population living in the quagmire of impoverished conditions…
Author : langoshjordy
Shifting Power to Make a Difference essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Shifting Power to Make a Difference"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Egypt and shifting power / influence structures in the Middle East
But, as days go by it increasingly seems that Egyptian Army is pressing for a change of regime, sooner the better. Though there can be no denial of the fact that people of Egypt were genuinely fed up of Mubarak’s oppression and rampant corruption but the movement got a genuine boost when the army decided to remain neutral.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
What difference does it make that production is capitalist production
What difference does it make that production is capitalist production? We will also provide an analysis on several questions such as why doesn't labor hire (often) capital (i.e. form worker cooperatives) Why aren't more workers self-employed If either of these arrangements were to prevail as the form of business organization, what difference would it make to the decisions made by business And the sub questions related to the form of organization and decision making process.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Volkswagen in the US: Shifting Global Strategies
The company's growth and expansion outside its home country in Germany has been met with a lot of challenges in the past particularly in the USA where it gets 20% of its total revenues. The purpose of this paper is to analyze Volkswagen's American operations, examine the effects of globalization on Volkswagen, and to describe the strategies that Volkswagen has developed in order to improve its position in the US. The paper is divided into three sections.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Power, Desire, Difference
Of course any notion of opposition between psychoanalysis and politics has to be qualified: psychoanalysis is a thoroughly political entity. The question here is one of context and emphasis. If psychical processes are emphasized, as they are in the context of Lacan's theory of the symbolic, this contextual emphasis needs to be taken into account before a political critique can be fully elaborated, before politics can figure in a productive way, taking account of psychical issues, rather than closing its eyes to them.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
The development of critical thinking: Does college make a difference
In order to test the hypothesis regarding the relationship between critical skills and college attendance, the researcher recruited 47 high school seniors who completed the ACT exam
1 pages (250 words) Essay
How Much Difference Does Ethnicity Really Make
The race is usually existent to divide assets, similar to the caste system. The developed the questionnaires since the race was a very sensitive issue in the community. The conversation made was relaxed in order to insist a frank and leisurely situation. Race still has a profitability state in every region in all states.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Does Technology Make a difference
The impacts are both positive and negative. Technology provides additional opportunities while it also outdates certain aspects of the industry. Overall, the advancements in technology have resulted in massive improvements in other industries (Richter,
2 pages (500 words) Essay
In a world of shifting global power, how important are soft, hard and smart power
Although this does not mean to say that the global system is so precarious and uncertain that these changes take place as evidence of weak institutions and frenetic actions of desperate actors, the fact remains
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Shifting Genres
use the flash toilet, the shoelace, fork and seat belt but this time they were alone in the Minneapolis in middle of rolling suitcases and white faces. When they arrived at the airport, a business man asked them where they were travelling. They had survived in a refugee camp
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Personal Character: At This point What difference does it make
The following discussion aims at outlining the pros and cons with respect to the personal character entity within United States. Individual restraint is vital in the United States fight to eliminate public debt. While the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation