In West Africa human security has become a serious issue. The security maintenance have been spoiled in past few years, the reason might be any external or internal. (Diallo and Possm-Rageau, pg. 8)
An estimated value about the world child labor report shows that 246 million children between the ages of 5-17 are under child labor category. The highest number of working children is found in Asia, then Africa and then in US, Middle East and other countries. Although the greatest number of working children exists in Asia, but Africa has greatest child labor ratio according to its population. (Finken, pg. 4)
The aim of this paper is not to focus on the child labor issue but specifically child labor in form of soldiers' issue. Throughout the world about 87 countries have such a setup in which children are use as soldiers. A number of children are under training and many have been passed all the trainings and actively participating in wars, combats and certain other actions. According to the child soldier report 1379 report; child soldiers are defined as: "any person under 18 years of age who is a member of or attached to the armed forces or an armed group, whether or not there is an armed conflict. Child soldiers may perform tasks ranging from direct participation in combat; military activities such as scouting, spying, sabotage, acting as decoys, couriers or guards; training, drill and other preparations; support functions such as pottering and domestic tasks; sexual slavery and Forced labor." (Child Soldiers WebQuest UN Cyberschoolbus, n.p.)
With the passage of time the African states have faced political instability, economic decline, poverty, civil wars and disturbance, and all these factors lead to a drastic fall of the population to stay below the poverty line. The biggest loss was of the youths, surviving there since the economic downfall caused less opportunities in Africa. The educational system became poor, unemployment and crime rates reached height and youth started to be spoiled. One of many reasons, which caused the fall of African states, was military dictatorship, which started in 1960's and in the same era the wars on minerals and natural resources began. It is observed that in such wars light weapons are used therefore children are forced to participate in the wars as they can handle light weapons easily. This hiring of children and youths is done without considering the character, psychological and overall child buildup, destroying their lives, which can never be able to recover againeven the conflict, is resolved.
Basically children are forced to join armies and combats by brainwashing, to avoid extreme poverty, and many other such issues. Children used in such wars are hired at an age of 9-10 years and the wars typically lasts for 10 years in the mean time the child is abused, heavily put burden on and forced to engage in training of using weapons etc. After such a long period the child reach to adulthood, leaving their