StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Cognitive Psychology - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Cognitive Psychology

The crux of this interpretation of science, particularly the development of hypotheses about and models of hypothetical generative mechanisms of cognition is that, although unobserved by investigators, such mechanisms are necessary for the production of the observed phenomena (Fodor & Pylyshyn, 1988, 3-71).
To find out the logical basis of these hypotheses about unobserved generative mechanisms, scientists have taken the help of the physical sciences. In physical sciences, the hypotheses are not the result of blind guesswork or the unfettered imagination. They are created by the invention of models or hypothetical representations of what such mechanisms may plausibly be in reality. The invention of adequate and plausible models is constrained by the requirement that the nature of what is proposed should conform to the basic type hierarchy that expresses the beliefs people have about the nature of the world. Hypotheses about cognition can be evaluated only by testing their predictions regarding the effects of various environmental manipulations on behaviour (McCloskey, 1991, 387-395). These theoretical entities are said to provide a functional characterization of the central nervous system. This is built on the assumption that the same cognitive process could be implemented or instantiated in a variety of different neuroanatomical structures or neurophysiological processes. In other words, this characterization of cognition is materialist, but it does not assume a simple one-to-one mapping between cognitive and neural states and processes. Thus the definition of the cognitive processes can further be modified into a process...
There is a startling similarity with present day computational models where this has been a natural mode of computation for widely interconnected computer networks of active elements. The generalization of these ideas to the connectionist view of the brain and behavior is that all important encodings in the brain are represented in terms of relative strengths in the synaptic connections. Connectionism can explain this by assuming that individual neurons do not transmit a large amount of symbolic or representative information, instead, they compete by being appropriately connected to a large number of similar units, and the prevalent and conventional computer model fails to incorporate this in the present understanding of cognitive psychology. Conclusion: However, this realization is important in that connectionist theories of cognitive psychology may with adequate research come out with a newer, modified, and more sophisticated model that explains all or the computer scientist may create a developed computer that can have a cognitive psychology of its own. There are, however, certain troubling questions that need to be answered before one venture into this area. Human cognition involves the management of meaningful signs according to standards of correctness. In developing a computer model according to connectionist theory, there is the probability that one might lose the two main features of human cognition, intentionality, the meaningfulness of signs, and normativity, conformity to standards. ...Show more

Summary

The paper "Сognitive Psychology" describes that the human mind functions in the forms of perception, memory, attention, language, thinking, and decision making. Cognitive states and processes were considered by the theorists as theoretical entities that cause behavior…
Author : conroycaterina
Cognitive Psychology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Cognitive Psychology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Cognitive Psychology
There are two types of logic, formal and informal logic, with formal logic concentrating on the formal systems of logic, which involves proofs. Therefore, formal logic guides humans towards critical thinking and differentiating between the right and wrong reasoning, thus making a choice on which to follow.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
This is part of a theory known as constructivism, which suggests that cognition is what shapes the world (Eysenck & Keane, 2005). These factors play an important role in recognition, as what is already known about an object is allows us to understand who are friends and relations are from what we already know, as well as where we live and a whole other set of amazing abilities.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Understanding of Cognitive Psychology
The processes typically studied by Cognitive Psychology include Attention, Perception, Memory, Problem solving, Creativity and many other processes. Cognitive functions occur at every moment of every day; and thus are part of every human action.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive Psychology {Name of student} {Unit Code} – {Unit name} {Name of University} 12 November 2011 Introduction For many years, critical thinkers have debated on the roles that reasoning and intuition play while making moral judgments. Hume suggested that individuals possess a moral sense that enables them to differentiate between right and wrong, and Kant proposed that moral judgments are made on the basis of reason (Adler & Rips, 2008).
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Cognitive Psychology
Student’s Name Here Instructor’s Name Here Course Title Here Date Here Cognitive Psychology Take Home Final Essay Questions 1. Word Count: 338 A hierarchy is the arrangement of items in an orderly, level-based manner. Objects within the system are ordered on ranked levels that are arranged to be above and/or below other levels.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Cognitive Psychology
What occurred during these years is nothing more than a revolution in thought in which a considerable amount of research into processing models was conducted giving rise to the cognitive research methods giving rise to a school of thought that was able to branch its research into the fields of philosophy, neuroscience and linguistics.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Cognitive psychology
It was easy for me to grasp concepts about cognitive psychology when I looked at the many advantages it offers to the psychologists. For example, I learnt that it helps in cognitive research regarding enhancing memory, improving decision-making capability, and designing
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Cognitive psychology
insufficient to explicate cognitive function, resulting to considering them as separate entities, pointing to cognitive-behavioural approach (Satterfield, 2008). This leads to the belief of cognitive functioning as one working in a systematic way like that of an electrical
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
Cognitive movement is rather new in psychological science. It was formed in the middle of 20th century but its origins had started to appear long before the science was
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Cognitive psychology
It will compare and contrast the two psychologists in terms of their contribution to cognitive psychology. The paper analyses their success in building the field of cognitive psychology ensuring it survives the test of time. The contents of the this work covers the
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation