There are different mechanisms that work in people on a subconscious level. One of them is described by anchoring heuristics, which states that when people evaluate probabilities they intuitively find some reference point - the 'anchor' - and then adjust probabilities. The choice of anchor is a very important stage because it influences our final judgement, so if a personal experience offers inadequate anchors our decisions may be misleading. The representative heuristics suggests that when we try to find out if A belongs to the category B we tend to compare A with our notion of a typical member of B. This may be misleading as far as we may have a wrong conception of representative of a group, or as the variety within a group may be larger than we can imagine. In a related observation, the availability heuristics is used by people who judge about probabilities of events on basis of how easy we can imagine different outcomes. In this case, vivid and emotional scenarios win us over, but this does not always mean they are really more probable. Again, this has a direct relation to our personal experience as our strong emotions often dominate over our rationality. On the ground of such mechanisms of heuristics, we form belief biases that systematically affect our reasoning, because instead of evaluation of the validity of facts on logical grounds we rather tend to base our assessments on personal beliefs formed by our limited personal experience. Once formed, such belief biases usually prove to be persevering.
The author of the essay casts light upon the phenomena of thinking, language, intelligence in terms of psychology. Notably, it is known in psychology that most people believe in their own personal experience so much that they ignore findings of the research, even if the evidence is compelling. …
Gardner (1983), in the end, identifies eight (8) intelligences and suggests that intelligence lies on not one but eight bell curves, one for each type of intelligence. Introduction What is intelligence? A normal person will definitely answer it as the ability to think and understand things.
According to the paper Galton, a strong believer in the innate nature of human traits, conducted the world’s first intelligence tests at the 1884 International Exposition. Psychology cannot attain the certainty and exactness of the physical sciences unless it rests on a foundation of experiment and measurement.
Research illustrates that general intelligence performs a vital role in several valued life products. Besides academic achievements, IQ associates to some level with job presentation, socioeconomic improvement - phase of education, occupation, etc, and also "social pathology" - poverty, adult criminality, dependence on welfare, unemployment, etc.
One cannot simply imply that another person is intelligent on the basis that he is good in science or math. Intelligence is not confined to the mental abilities that are utilized in analytical thinking. This is clearly shown in Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences.
ound it difficult to improve student-learning in large group teaching which had led her to research on the advantages of using internet resources and the multiple intelligences approach in the English classroom). Since then, the traditional concept of intelligence which focused
These IQ tests usually cover the areas of attention, auditory, visual and tactile perceptions, spatial and constructional processing abilities along with verbal and language functions, spatial and constructional processing abilities, memory and
In the essay, Pinker states how intelligence and rules go hand in hand. Rules provide a base to judge intelligence. He provides the explanation to the computational theory of mind by drawing comparisons of the human
This essay has three main questions: how could primary teachers guide students to learn foreign language by employing creative thinking skills? How to apply creative activities in foreign language classroom in order to foster students’ creative thinking? What challenge might foreign language teachers encounter and what change could be possibly made in Chinese context?