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Thinking, Language, Intelligence in Psychology - Essay Example

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Thinking, Language, Intelligence in Psychology

There are different mechanisms that work in people on a subconscious level. One of them is described by anchoring heuristics, which states that when people evaluate probabilities they intuitively find some reference point - the 'anchor' - and then adjust probabilities. The choice of anchor is a very important stage because it influences our final judgement, so if a personal experience offers inadequate anchors our decisions may be misleading. The representative heuristics suggests that when we try to find out if A belongs to the category B we tend to compare A with our notion of a typical member of B. This may be misleading as far as we may have a wrong conception of representative of a group, or as the variety within a group may be larger than we can imagine. In a related observation, the availability heuristics is used by people who judge about probabilities of events on basis of how easy we can imagine different outcomes. In this case, vivid and emotional scenarios win us over, but this does not always mean they are really more probable. Again, this has a direct relation to our personal experience as our strong emotions often dominate over our rationality. On the ground of such mechanisms of heuristics, we form belief biases that systematically affect our reasoning, because instead of evaluation of the validity of facts on logical grounds we rather tend to base our assessments on personal beliefs formed by our limited personal experience. Once formed, such belief biases usually prove to be persevering. ...Show more


The author of the essay casts light upon the phenomena of thinking, language, intelligence in terms of psychology. Notably, it is known in psychology that most people believe in their own personal experience so much that they ignore findings of the research, even if the evidence is compelling. …
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Thinking, Language, Intelligence in Psychology essay example
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