StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Seismic Studies - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Seismic Studies

A significant extent of advanced material and effort is required for this technique to be carried out. (Economides, p.1)
This similar technique can be used discover any mineral deposits under the seafloors, that by carrying out the similar process in the ocean by means of a ship. In this case not the 'thumper truck' but the technical equipment called the air guns, shoot high pressure air into the water, due to which the energy waves travel to and into the ocean floor, as seismic event occurs when these vibrating wave go through rocks. Unlike the land case, the reflected waves aren't received by the geophones, but the hydrophones actually record and receive these waves.
Sophisticated computerization is used to analyze the received waves. The computer application software can easily generate the behavior of these waves graphically and mathematically thus creating a graphical image of the rocks under the crust. A two dimensional figure can be created using the data from a single wave received this is the cross sectional image of the rock underground. A three dimensional figure can be easily generated by a number of two dimensional cross sections that can be produced when the hydrophones or the geophones from a boat or a truck respectively, sends number of vibrating waves through the ground as they move onwards on the sea level or on the ground. (Deffeyes, p. 77-79)
The petrole
Importance to the Industry
The petroleum industry has revolutionized after the introduction of this technique. According to most of the engineers of the industry express that this techniques has substantially improved the success rate of oil drilling, as the highly detailed three dimensional images of the rocks have reduced the elements of uncertainty that maybe present at the oil drilling site.
Furthermore the best sites and locations of the oil deposits underground can be located by the geologists and engineers using seismic models, thus also significantly reducing the number of wells that are actually drilled. Thus these advancements have actually raised the quality of the oil extraction processes in terms of precision, speed and productivity.. (Deffeyes, p. 71-72)
Seismic reflection surveys have proved to be a hopeful expertise in reviewing the extended regions of entrenched marine sites quickly and accurately.


Figure 2: Adopted from 'The National Methane Hydrates ...Show more

Summary

In order to locate the petroleum deposits and reserves below the ground, seismic studies are becoming known. When a seismic study is carried out, special equipment is used by the scientist to create an artificial and a very low intensity earthquake, which sends vibrating waves underground…
Author : dedrick27
Seismic Studies essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Seismic Studies"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Science and Policy studies (Antarctica)
With the current energy resources estimated to last no more than 40 years it is but inevitable that the race is on between countries to locate and get access to more energy resources which ultimately would control the growth of the economy.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Comparative investigation of seismic hazards and approaches to mitigation
The possibility of the ground shaking is represented by “peak ground acceleration”, “peak ground velocity”, or “ordinates of the response spectrum”. The devastating earthquakes have been witnessed all around the globe, sometimes with shocking loss of life.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Seismic Hazards In the Region of Japan and Indonesia
For this study, we shall investigate the seismic hazards of the regions of Japan and Indonesia. Both the countries being islands and possessing a history of frequent and violent earthquakes thus lay a lot of emphasis on such studies. We shall also look into the measures adopted by the two countries to diminish the effects of the hazards of an earthquake
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
An Opportunity for Platinum Builders Inc. to Import Seismic Base Isolation Technology from Okumura Corporation. International Persuasive Essay
The State of California is in a belt predisposed to earthquake occurrences. Construction companies are required to meet building specifications by authorities to ensure safety in times of a seismic activity. This threat to business may be transformed into an opportunity to achieve and maintain market leadership by Platinum Builders Inc.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Seismic Mitigation
Earthquakes are reported from several regions, and they may range from mild tremors to devastating seismic unheavals of high magnitude, causing immense damage to life, the natural surroundings, the built environment and infrastructure. In recent years, there have been three highly destructive earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand; “a triple disaster in Japan involving an earthquake followed by a tsunami” (Edgington, 2011, p.v), catastrophic earthquakes that destroyed the capital city of Port-au-Prince in Haiti, and those in Kobe, Japan.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Cultural studies
Cultural experiences are not just a political contest, but also an assemblage of ideologies and practices, social economic or historical that is beyond the confines of language and demarcated national boundaries. One of the best examples may be drawn from the fierce nostalgia that characters in Amitav Ghosh's novel "The Shadow Lines" (1988) experience, with their constant fight against the Diasporic detachment with Dhaka, when a crude border drawn with the 1947 Bengal Partition made Hindus leave East Bengal for good.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Business Studies LocationBreakeven
The business needs to be close to the raw materials especially if the business's primary function is manufacturing. The raw materials (sometimes heavy and bulky) need to be transported to the factory in time for the production. When the raw materials are available close to the production site, the uncertainty of supplier delivery becomes less and the organization can produce goods without any lead times.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
EVALAUTION THE VARIATION IN ELASTIC AND INELASTIC
This building form distinguished from other type of vertical irregularity with significant setback in building envelops. Lateral force resting system, considered geometrically irregular if the reduction in horizontal length and in plan
35 pages (8750 words) Essay
Cultural Studies
Then there are the aspects related with their mixed contents which are found in different cultures every now and so often. Within the cultural studies domain, it becomes an even more interesting subject to highlight
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Comparative investigation of seismic hazards and approaches to mitigation. Japan and Indonesia
“A seismic hazard at a site is defined as a quantitative estimation of the most possible ground shaking at the site” (Datta, 22) Probabilistic approach or the deterministic approach is considered to obtain it. The possibility of the ground shaking is represented by “peak ground acceleration”, “peak ground velocity”, or “ordinates of the response spectrum”.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation