Atmospheric pollution, or more popularly termed air pollution, is described to be as the introduction of particulates, chemicals and organisms that can diminish its quality to sustain biology or impair the environment (Maitre et al, 2006; Zhang et al, 2007; Bearchell et al, 2005). It should be noted however, the hazard attributed to the "pollution" is exclusive to human perspective (Smith, 2003). Gauci and associates (2004) point out that such perceived negative conditions may have been essential in the development of mineral deposits such as methane or as pointed out by Zhang and associates (2007), merely a fator in the geological geneiss of the earht's atmosphere. Researches have indicated a global deterioration of vegetation, weather conditions and manageability, increased toxicity of water and soil as well as increase of prevalence and persistence of various pathogens to air quality deterioration (Maitre et al, 2006; Smith, 2003; Gauci et al, 2004; Bearchell et al; 2005; Loupa et al; 2007). They point out that regardless of how seemingly confined air conditions maybe, the very nature of it implies that it will impact the world as whole eventually.
Indirectly it has also impacted agriculture, which in turn has affected the quality of food sustainability of farming operations (Smith, 2003). In the research conducted by Maitre and associates (2006), they concluded that air pollution can directly impact the development of coronary heart disease not only as a consequence of respiratory conditions developed. In a similar manner, there has been a greater incidence of allergies, particularly young children, that has been linked to the increase of concentration of particulates and pathogens (Cortizas et al, 2005). More alarmingly, geological records have indicated that the increase in particulates circulation as evidenced by elemental reside in catchments have precipitated social and trade declines (Shotbolt et al, 2005; Bearchell et al, 2005).
Factors for Consideration
Current concerns have shifted focus on global management of the issue through the institution of unilateral agreements such as the proposed Kyoto Protocol (Wigley, 2006). The economic impact of atmospheric pollution however has been one of the cornerstones of efforts to address the issue. In An Inconvenient Truth, economic motivations have often been cited as one of the main reasons for the disregard for the issue: industrial pollution, partisan lobbying and consumerism were common themes where often cited for the escalation of the issue (Lawrence Bender Productions and Guggenheim, 2006). In essence, the suggestion is that human activities, in particular industrial and commercial ones, are a major contributing factor to the issue. However, there is also a realization that there are great deficiencies in existing research particularly in developing countries where the issue is considered as non-critical in comparison with poverty, development and social conflict concerns.
One of the first concerns that was directly linked to the air pollution was the deterioration of respiratory health at the