SOCIAL CHANGE. Social Change continues to this day because of the many inventions since the time of the cave dwellers. Humans had emerged from the caves during his 650th life time. New ideas, inventions, and conditions may have caused man to adjust to changes in society. The internet has allowed us to talk to persons from different parts of the world by using the chat and web camera technology of the computers. Social change has brought about equality between the male and the females.
DIVISION OF LABOUR. During the ancient times, men worked men's jobs and women were delineated to work in the house to care for the family. During our present time men and women are now treated equally.
According to Vecchio, Division of labor has helped speed up production. The work force has been divided into different departments. The workers in each department had gained mastery of their craft due to daily repetition and boredom from work. The finishing department employee was not allowed to transfer to grinding department because the new environment will cause delay in production as the new employee has to be trained in the new environment. In fact, Division of labor was recognized during the industrial revolution when farm and factory machines were newly put in place to replace manual labor in picking of farm produce. Because of this Adam Smith recognized the importance of division of labor as an important factor in production. (Vecchio, 1995)
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The organization has become more complex as compared historically to the early times because computers were not yet invented and management, finance, economics and other related book were not as complicated as today .
HISTORY. History shows that the early Americans bought black people from Africa to do everyday work as slaves. Today workers from different races are treated equally under pain of being violators of the law. Today, these blacks are free because the Union won over the confederates. Had the Confederates won, there may still be slaves in the United States. The blacks, Asians, American Indians and other non American races have now been catapulted in this SOCIAL CHANGE situation where they are treated under the law as equal to the White Americans in terms of applying for a job or asking for delivery of its services.
CONCLUSION: History shows that Division of labour had already been in place a long long time ago because division of labour result to specialization.
ORGANIC SOLIDARITY AND MERITOCRACY
ORGANIC SOLIDARITY According to Sociology ( Bryjak, 1992) Organic Solidarity can easily be spotted in large and complex business societies marked by division of labour. Under this theory of organic solidarity, the workers are deeply dependent on each other to accomplish tasked. For example the painting department employee of a chair manufacturing plant is dependent on the work in process department to finish their work before sending the chair to the finishing department for painting the chairs. Society is dependent on all workers and departments in for the failure of one part will cause the failure of the entire organization or society itself.
MERITOCRACY - is a