French revolution and Paine

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1. Causes of French revolution had been mulled over and over for centuries now and they still remain fresh to be explored. The uprising that brought the rule of Emperor Louis XVI to an abrupt end with gory results in one of the richest and most civilised nations of the world had multiple causes, but perhaps nothing to warrant that kind of bloody upheaval where thousands and thousands lost their lives.


"Moreover, since the Church was so closely bound up with the ancient institutions and now to be swept away, it was inevitable that the Rion, in overthrowing the civil power, should assail the established religion," Tocqueville (1969, pp. 222-223).
Food scarcity, unemployment, poor economic situation, national debt, starvation are other causes. "The social structure on the European continent still have an aristocratic imprint, the legacy of an era when, because land was virtually the sole source of wealth, those who owned it, assumed all rights over those who tilled it," (Lefebvre, 1962, p.38).
2. Paine, wrote in 1791 a reply to Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke, actually defended the French Revolution by saying that the revolution was necessary to bring in equality and human liberty, which have been deprived for a very long time in France. He was a great pamphleteer of his age and had a sarcastic and effective way of expressing things that was hard-hitting for a ready audience. ...
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