Egyptian human rights organizations

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A. Research into the issue of emergency law in Egypt indicates that its enactment and constant renewal is of primary concern to both international and Egyptian human rights organizations, not to mention legal scholars. While the Egyptian government may argue that emergency law is necessary given the need to maintain security in a climate of political instability, analysis of the claim reveals that emergency laws have mainly been enacted not for the maintenance of security against instability and political radicalism, as represented by Islamic extremists, but by the overriding aim of silencing any form of political dissent or criticism against the government, represented by the President and …

Introduction


A. In a four part article entitled "The Effect of the Emergency Law on the Human Rights Situation In Egypt: 1992-2002," the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights traces the historical background of emergency law in Egypt throughout the twentieth century. According to the facts offered, the history of emergency laws in Egypt can be traced back to 1914, at which time it was first enacted due to the break out of World War I ("History" ). Significant to mention for purpose of discussion is that one of the laws enacted under the wider emergency law was the Gathering Law 10 of 1914 ("Conclusion"). ...
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