StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Pediatric Radiography - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Pediatric Radiography

This poses a challenge in pediatric radiographic investigations. Obtaining quality radiographs on pediatric patients can be a challenge. Minimizing radiation dose in pediatric imaging is a crucial issue that has been emphasized and reemphasized in recent years1.
Diagnostic radiation overexposure can cause radiation skin reaction and acute radiation sickness. It can also lead to systemic reactions that may lead to disturbances of normal functional processes, such as, radiation pneumonitis. It is known to have carcinogenic effects and genetic effects2. However, it is also to be considered that the dose required to produce genetic or carcinogenic effects are virtually precluded by modern radiographic apparatus and special techniques used in imaging the patients of this age group. Although carcinogenic effects have not been demonstrated from the doses of radiation received with pediatric diagnostic radiography, children with chronic diseases who need repeated radiographic examinations, this is quite a possibility, although remote. However, there is a need to justify the safety requirements and deploy the technical measures to ensure safety in these patients. Currently, these are directed towards reduction of radiation exposure in such patients3. ...
These are justification of any particular radiographic examination by carefully considering the pros and cons of the test which involves adjustment of risk-benefit analysis. A proper training of the radiographers in handling the children can also reduce exposure considerably. Proper protection of the patient in the unexposed areas could also help.
Specific Diseases Caused by Diagnostic Radiation Exposure
Although the benefits of diagnostic ionizing radiation are immense and exceed the risks involved, cumulative exposure can cause increased cancers especially in the pediatric age group. By definition, ionizing radiation contains enough energy to displace electrons and break chemical bonds. X-rays are electromagnetic radiations and consist of photons that can traverse relatively large distances in tissue without interaction. They, however, can indirectly ionize cell molecular components through transfer of energy4. In 1989, Hoffman and colleagues reported a doubling in the incidence of breast cancers in a pilot study of 1030 women who had been repeatedly exposed to diagnostic radiations for evaluation of scoliosis in their childhood and adolescence5. Ronckers and others explored these results further in a US cohort study with a larger sample size, including cases of scoliosis diagnosed before age 20. The average number of examinations per patient was accounted to be 24.7 and the mean cumulated dose to the breast was 0.11 Gy, and mean age of diagnosis of scoliosis was 10.6 years. With a radiographic followup continuing over an average of 40.1 years, it was concluded that this magnitude of exposures has resulted in increased incidence of breast cancers in these groups6. This proves that there is an increased risk of incidence of breast cancers with ...Show more

Summary

Diagnostic radiographic examination of the pediatric age group is of immense value in diagnosis and management of many diseases of that age group, and more often, it is an extension of the physical examination. Radiographic examination provides a rapid, detailed, and noninvasive modality of the deep-seated structures of the body…
Author : lueilwitzitzel
Pediatric Radiography essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Pediatric Radiography"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Article Critique (Diagnostic Radiography)
This paper shall critique the article, ‘Breast cancer knowledge among women with intellectual disabilities and their experiences of receiving breast mammography’ by Maria Truesdale-Kennedy, Laurence Taggart and Sonja McIlfatrick. Critical Appraisal First of all, the article’s title reflects the contents of the research.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Diganostic Radiography
There must be collimation of the image to enhance the intensity further with the benefit of reduction of dose yet production of images of higher quality. This can be accomplished through collimation according to the patient and cassette size leading to an indication of the field size.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Diagnostic Radiography
This plastic-mounted film is wrapped in thin, light-tight paper, sandwich fashion and placed in a plastic holder. The holder clips onto the wearer's clothing, enabling the film badge to give a measure of total, or whole body, air kerma (exposure). The plastic case usually contains a cut-away portion to allow the entrance of beta particles or other electrons.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Screen Speeds in Radiography
The other characteristic of these two types of radiography screens is in terms of the details of the image that will be produced by the two types of screens. According to Hertrich
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Patient Care in Radiography
.............................. In general terms, radiography is defined as the technique in which the internal parts images in human body are taken via the help of radiations (Carlton and Adler, 2013, p. 11). Radiography entails the use of extremely powerful radiations beams
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Radiography Skills
On the other hand, the Y-view image will indicate a cut or an injury of the Hill-Sach for anterior and posterior dislocations. Plain radiograph is one of the common ways of imaging scaphoid fractures. However,
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Radiography Skills
However, while conducting radiographic imaging of the chest, it often recommended that a significance distance of 72 inch SID must be kept between the x-ray machine and the body in order to minimize the magnification of special body organs
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Sinus Radiography
Still, the usefulness of sinus radiography has yet to be completely devalued, and there is a specific routine that is associated with the
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Radiography
The 10 days rules therefore states that abdominal and pelvic x-ray must be performed only during the first 10 days following the onset of menstruation in women (Hart D, et al., 2006). The 10 days rule is considered important in
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Paediatric Radiography
find that paediatric radiography can be said to be ideal and relevant to cover most parts of the body, including chest, foot, neck, hip, spine, and pelvic. Because adults may also need x-ray in all these areas, the most important issue is not the part of the body involves but
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation