Class in a Capitalist Society

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Introduction: Three great scholars belonging to the second half of the nineteenth century have a special place in the study of Sociology viz. Karl Marx (1818-1883), Max Weber (1864-1920), and Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). Because they were the very first to put forth such distinctly sociological analyses (Zuckarman, 2004), which influenced several nations like Russia and China to adopt an entirely new way governance, and economic development, indeed, they are called the "trinity" of Social Theories (Hurst, 2000; Giddens, 1971; Hadden, 1997; Altschuler, 1998; Pampel, 2000; Gane, 1988).


Hegel (1770-1831) and Ludwig Feuerbach (1804 -1872) are two theorists who affected Marx very strongly.
The concept of Historical Materialism: In his 'Introduction to Theses On Feuerbach' (1845), Marx commences his own distinctive posit on Materialism, based on Feuerbach's critique of Hegel's 'Theory of the Right' (1821).His view of history is very different from the others. Marx, states that "it is not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness (Marx and Engels, 1859: pp 503-504). According to Hegel (1821), God created everything from Him, thus 'God' was the 'Absolute Idea'. ...
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