A Museum is defined as a nonprofit institution that collects, preserves and exhibits objects, natural or manmade and of artistic, scientific and historical value for cultural, aesthetic and educational purposes (Alexander 2008, p.2)
The instinct for collecting, preserving and displaying objects were first noted in ancient Egypt when the tombs of the Pharaohs were found to be bedecked with objects of religious and utilitarian nature which the Pharaohs believed they needed in the afterlife.
But soon, even animal hides, instruments, portraits and sculptures were also displayed.
The Greeks then widened the scope of objects displayed in a museum by exhibiting not only statues and paintings but also jewelries, glasses, vases, pottery and ornaments which they offered to their gods. These were however, transported to Rome when the Romans ransacked Greece. Thus began the Romans' romance with works of art. Then Roman temples, palaces and private villas were adorned with these (Alexander 2008, p.4).
Japan and China were not left behind in this cultural activity because even before 1000 AD works of art were already manifested in their temples and palaces. It is worthwhile to mention that in Nara City, Japan many of these had been preserved.
vanguard for the reposing of important manuscripts, saints' relics, statues, paintings and jewelries. Feudal nobles, coming from the crusades in the Near East, carried with them spoils of war with beauty and added these to their private collections. But museums reached unparalleled importance during the Age of the Renaissance. ...