StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Miscellaneous
  • Discuss what is mean by Universal Grammar. How does the process of language acquisition provide evidence for Universal Grammar. give concrete examples. What ot

Discuss what is mean by Universal Grammar. How does the process of language acquisition provide evidence for Universal Grammar. give concrete examples. What ot - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Discuss what is mean by Universal Grammar. How does the process of language acquisition provide evidence for Universal Grammar. give concrete examples. What ot

As usual, "the company" now has an earlier deadline than they had given me, despite them still not having given me the entire chapter, so I hope you're not late. Best, anon
Trask (1995) presented two types of evidence in support of Chomsky's theory that the innate condition of the human brain at birth explained language acquisition, a process that occurs without effort or direct or indirect teaching in children. First, despite the differences in the experiences of children within and across cultures, in deaf and hearing children, and in those who are and are not mentally retarded, the same stages in the same order occur in acquiring language. Second, in support of the role of the human brain at birth, there is evidence that those who have not been exposed to a language past a "critical period" of 12 or 13 years have not been able to learn the rules of a language.
Trask (1995) reviewed evidence supporting "universal grammar," a phrase describing Chomsky's revolutionary theory of psycholinguistics, i.e., there are linguistic universals (commonalities among all languages), the human brain is equipped at birth for the acquisition of language, and thus children acquire language without either direct or indirect instruction. ...
over the history of human existence, it is disingenuous to describe the demise of the Skinnerian operant-conditioning model (referred to by Trask as the "imitation-and reinforcement model,", p. 140) as occurring "not so many years ago" or, more dramatically, "in recent years" (p. 140). One could provide pages of citations to support recognition of the brief time course of Chomsky's "revolution," but Pinker, himself a giant in psycholinguistic theory (Rondal, 1993), should suffice (interview, Rondal, 1993).
Chomsky's theory of language acquisition (beginning in 1959, cited in Pinker's interview, Rondal, 1993) quickly relegated (unusual in the social sciences) to a chapter in the history of psychology the then-accepted Skinnerian operant-conditioning theory that babies learn language by reinforcement of language imitations. Because most humans have observed babies and young children, it is understandable that social scientists, among others, would have recognized the essential correctness of implicating the brain at birth - by comparing, for example, their own struggles in learning a second language, even if in surroundings where the second language was spoken, with the ease with which children not only acquire a first language, but with the ease with which immigrant children, compared to their parents, acquire a second language. Understanding why the theory that language developed as a function only of experience was accepted in the first place requires recognizing the virtual destruction of experimental psychology caused by the prior "behaviorist revolution" - which virtually outlawed even the thought of innate dispositions (Watson, 1919, as cited in Hunt & Ellis, 2004). In this way, one might think of Chomsky, not to minimize his genius, trained in linguistics, ...Show more

Summary

Customer: Though I realize you have provided Chapter 7 to your company, I still only have pages 140-153. Missing only the beginning might be a problem since I couldn't provide Trask's definition of Universal Grammar (I assumed he defined it as others have)…
Author : helenhegmann
Discuss what is mean by Universal Grammar. How does the process of language acquisition provide evidence for Universal Grammar. give concrete examples. What ot essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Discuss what is mean by Universal Grammar. How does the process of language acquisition provide evidence for Universal Grammar. give concrete examples. What ot"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Grammar
Huddleston states that it is important to distinguish two levels at which our grammatical categories need to be defined. They are: the language particular level and the general level. Both of them help to learn a language and distinguish the difference either between various parts of speech or languages.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Rewriting examples for grammar comments
Just a couple of pointers here: The assignment jumps around here. Make sure you use solid and smooth transitions. Instead of writing transitions that could connect any paragraph to any other paragraph, write a transition that could only connect one specific paragraph to another specific paragraph.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Synthesis Essay- Grammar
Descriptive grammar, the first of these types, is often looked down upon by people who believe that only through prescriptive grammar, or grammar based on textbooks and decided-upon rules, can students be taught to use the English language properly. However, these two types of grammar, although they are usually set up opposite to one another, can both be used together to help teach students to think critically, speak or write well, and communicate clearly.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of considering cognitive development to be either a universal process common to all people
Through cognitive development, a person will perceive and understand their world, basing on the learned and genetic factors. Elements of cognitive development include memory, development of language, intelligence, information processing, and reasoning. Over the years, different scholars have studied cognitive development in children, and came up with varying perspectives.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
English Grammar
Until this class I had not appreciated the various forms of writing style and as such did not master grammar usage. Because my work is somewhat reactionary, writing was always a prerequisite to all of my course work and I always lost points for using improper grammar.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The Transformational Grammar
Transformational grammar, along with the structure of the sentence, also attempts to explore the consideration behind the words. Transformational grammar is also referred as TG which applies logic to the task for deeper analyses into the meanings of the sentences structure as well as to look into the surface of the underlying intent of the words which are being used (Tatum, Malcolm 2009).
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
What is grammar
As we know each language has its own distinct grammar. Grammar in its broad sense is a systematic analysis of the structure of a language at its different levels (phonological, morphological, lexical, syntactic). It is the analysis of linguistic patterns with
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Essays, in English grammar facility you file by
According to Chomsky, the process of language acquisition is genetically programmed and occurs as a consequence of the complex mental processes in the human brain. Simply stated,
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Rewriting examples for grammar comments
Example: Overall, Management Systems International has logged increased sales in every sector, leading to a significant rise in third-quarter
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Music: A Universal Language
manner, music is able to transcend time and space since it generally depicts subjects with which every appreciative human, regardless of age, may relate. Whether a personal milestone or a prevailing experience, a particular song conveys either through its suitable blend of
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation