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History of American Policing - Essay Example

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History of American Policing

Then finally in 1804, there was already the existence of mobile patrol to be used by the officers (Morris, 1999, page xxxi-xxxvi).
It was in the year 1844 when in New York, the first police department was modeled together with Peel law officials. These American watchmen were expected to roam around the city as silent as they could and they had to stand up straight and listen to intently. They were also required to guard the weather conditions along with the street lamps. Each time they had to do their job, they had to say the statement "The police department and the police force, has the power and it is their duty at all times of the day and night to protect the life and property, prevent crime, detect and arrest offenders, and preserve the public peace and enforce all laws, ordinances and provisions of the administrative code over which the police department has jurisdiction." This is the start of their oath of protection for the people of America (Morris, 1999, page xxxi-xxxvi).
But aside from the short summary of how policing came to America, as stated above, there are still a lot of happenings that should be considered as one tries to study the existence of police officers, the department and their duty to people. ...
At the end of the century, the guard has already owned or acquired for himself power for judgment and finances. For the same reason, his position got elevated to being a shire and no longer just an official of the town. He was also called the shire-reeve. After the Anglo-Saxon period, he became the head of the shire which brought forth the coming of a higher position exactly after the Norman Conquest (Morris, 1999, page xxxi-xxxvi).

Bearing the responsibility for financial and judicial protection, what became a threat was the personal influence of the known landowners who themselves are the sheriffs. It was added by the numerous oppressions to the King's subjects. During that time, abuse of power became visible already. It should be remembered that the original purpose of the shire-reeves' existence is to protect the interest of the king. The struggle to stop the early form of corruption was long, it even took centuries to do such. The goal of the struggle was mainly to stop if not to lessen the said corruption (Morris, 1999, page xxxi-xxxvi).

It is not a wonder why abuse of power became visible for these first police. More than just bearing the responsibility of maintaining peace and stopping disorder, hew was also tasked to head the military forces of the shire. This happened during the office of the lord lieutenant's development during the 16th century. At that time, the things that they do were already like what they presently do in the cities. They receive writs, summon the juries, and execute judgments, which made a big deal out of his position (History of Policing 2001).

While in America, by the time the office of the sheriff was introduced, it was part of the ...Show more

Summary

Many people have never come to wonder about the where policing started. To be more specific, in the United States of America, the start of policing came forth from the English settlers who tried to enforce authority over the people. But it wasn't quite long before the real Americans tried to change it because it wasn't so appropriate to the environment of the land where it is being enforced (Morris, 1999, page xxxi-xxxvi).
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