Like her other books in publication of the same topic, highlights her opinion that the three religions' conflicts are not solely based on their philosophy but rather due to personal conflicts among followers of the religion. The events that have been basis for vilification of either religion with the other have followed shifts in political leadership in the region and have been related to the geographic and economic concerns.
Armstrong reflects not only significant knowledge about the study but also intimate insights on the role of religion in society. The author's perspective reflects her personal experience with religion and how her faith creates predispositions and assumptions that had to be overcome to create a better understanding of the issues that affect the three religions development and current status in society. Each of the religions are discussed in the context of Jerusalem's history and geography not so much in the technically but rather as they impact he ethnography and sociology of people. Furthermore, the methodology of Armstrong's research reflects her interest in religious studies and texts that she incorporates from key historical events to cotemporary issues.
Armstrong is an advocate of religious tolerance and dialogue and ...
Moreover, it positions her research as one of interest particularly considering the limited research and literature for Judaism and Islam respectively in popular research worldwide which has been dominated by Christianity studies.
According to Armstrong, one of the major reasons why Jerusalem has been a focus for all Judaism, Christianity and Islam is its position in the mythology of each faith and the political climate of the Levant region. Though the Levant, generally referring to the current area defined as the Middle East, has generally has independent political governments and systems, the trade and defensive value of the city made it an area of common interest. Thus, military arms of either religions as well as foreign conquerors like the Romans have always considered the control of the city as symbolical of control of the region. However, what cemented the eminence of the city were the subsequent sociopolitical conditions that reinforced its role. Thus, though the initial value of the city may have diminished with the development of larger and better cities in the region, Jerusalem remained a focus for dispute and conflict of not religions but also states in the region.
The differences between the three religious traditions have also always been emphasized. In part to distinguish the factions represented by the religions but Armstrong believes that this was significantly due to the common experience of the three religions of being exemptions to the prevailing religious practices of their inception: for Judaism, its monotheistic views, for Christianity its division from the traditional Judaism due to its belief in the messianic role of Jesus, and for Islam its desistance from the sociopolitical system of sultanates. However, Armstrong points