The characteristic features of sports are often determined by the cultural background of the countries concerned. The prominence of some sports in some countries have varied reasons which can not be generalized as there are various factors responsible for such prominence and those factors even affect the performances of the countries in the respective sports. Such factors among other things are the socio-economic factors prevalent in a country. This paper analyses the effect of such socio-economic determinants on the sporting performances of different countries in general and more specifically the performances of China and Brazil in the game of international football (soccer).
Mostly these variables represent the cultural background of the countries. The basic cultural attitudes of a country have a larger say in the sporting performances of the respective countries. The popularity and admiration that the people of a country attribute to a game depends on the cultural background of the country. A typical example to cite is the American football and base fall which is popular in the US. These games represent the pushy and aggressive nature of the Americans and their desire to arrive at a decision on any issues at a faster pace. A similar other example may be cited as cricket in Australia which is almost every Australians fancy.
3.0 Effect of Socio-Economic Determinants on Sporting Performance:
"It offers opportunities for play and self expression, beneficial especially for those young people with few other opportunities in their lives. Sport also provides healthy alternatives to harmful actions, such as drug abuse and involvement in crime." (UN Report 2003)
This statement goes to prove the effect of the socio-economic determinants on the sporting performances, in that the sports activities act as a deterrent of social evils. The social variables generally influencing sporting performance of a country are the Family Structure, Ethnicity, Language, Demography, Educational standards, Employment Status, Crime rates, Cultural Factors, Action by community based organsiations, Lifestyle issues, Recreational factors, Psychological factors and Historical dependence. The economic variables like, GDP of a nation, per capita income and industrial advancement resulting in accumulated wealth of the nation also play a predominant role in the sporting performance of the countries. "National wealth may generate sporting success through superior sports infrastructure and athlete remuneration. In addition, greater national income may promote individual sports participation by making leisure time more available." (Robert Hoffmann et al. 2003)
The sporting performance of a country thus depends upon the nations' per capita GDP and the aggregate measures of economic welfare. The later part of this paper studies the sporting performances of China and Brazil in the game of international football in the background of the