StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Emerging Issues in Criminal Justice - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Emerging Issues in Criminal Justice

The US Supreme Court has maintained that DNA testing and storage of records does not violate this right.
The report further describes the value of DNA testing in the prevention of repeat offenders of violent crimes. Statistics are included on the scope of the program and reports on the number of cases that it has aided, as well as the number of potential cases that it could help in the future. In addition, it was found that the economic expense might become overwhelming to operate the program in a prudent manner. The rapid expansion of the program has called for increased lab space, storage facilities, and technicians as law enforcement begins to rely more heavily on DNA evidence. In addition, social pressure needs to be handled in a manner that does not give the public the perception that it has further eroded their constitutional guarantees. The report reaches the conclusion that meeting the financial and social challenges presented by NDIS will be an important step for the future of forensic investigations.
Recent advances in DNA technology have been both a blessing and a curse for the United States' justice system and federal and local law enforcement agencies. It has offered law enforcement officials an important new tool to track, investigate, and prosecute dangerous criminals. DNA evidence has provided for the proof beyond a reasonable doubt in thousands of cases involving the most serious crimes of murder and rape. DNA evidence has also been useful in the exoneration of countless convicts that had been wrongly convicted, many of them on death row. To take advantage of this new technology, the US government has pursued a program of compiling a databank of DNA information taken from US citizens. This database can later be used to crosscheck for suspects that may be linked to crime scene DNA evidence at a later date. The US system is similar to the program that is operated in the United Kingdom. While there are significant benefits to be gained from maintaining a large DNA database, it has come at a substantial cost. The economic cost places a burden on law enforcement's already scarce resources. There are also significant social costs due to the perception of the invasion of privacy and the constitutional questions regarding the right to privacy. In addition, there are several logistical challenges to be overcome to assure the proper collection, analyzation, and long-term storage of the mounting quantities of DNA evidence. Determining the most appropriate policies regarding the US DNA databank requires an evaluation of the benefits and costs of the program, while examining the issue in light of the US constitution and global human rights standards.
The federal government coordinates the DNA databank program as advocates have sought to expand the database. Individual states vary in their DNA reporting requirements but all states participate in the gathering of DNA information on the most serious violent crimes, which is passed to the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), a program managed by the FBI (Walsh, 2006). This DNA information is made available to law enforcement agencies through the National DNA Index (NDIS), which currently has over 6,384,379 offender profiles and 241,685 forensic profiles on file and has aided 77,700 investigations as of ...Show more

Summary

DNA technology has made a rapid advancement in the last two decades and has been accompanied by the government's implementation of a national DNA databank. Known as NDIS and CODIS, these programs have the potential to revolutionize law enforcement investigations and significantly reduce the number of repeat offenders of violent crimes…
Author : larissamaggio
Emerging Issues in Criminal Justice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Emerging Issues in Criminal Justice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Pursuing Criminal Justice Paper
The wrongs committed to the innocent people vary from trivial to serious matters. Therefore, the purpose of justice is to find a middle ground with an aim to building consensus on both the less sensitive and more sensitive issues in a fair way (William, 2011).
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Criminal Justice System: Assessment of its Chauvinism
An ideal state or territory is considered to be where people live an organized life; violence is avoided; the environment remains subtle and calm; people are at peace; and the crime rate hardly even affects the society.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Criminal Justice: Offending Behavior
This paper aims to discuss learners understanding of the theoretical explanation of offending behavior. It will highlight the context of treatment, institutional, community, and home regarding risk assessments and recidivism. Offensive behavior and criminal activities have been the important subjects of research.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Criminal justice/ criminal law
1.0 Introduction The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a product of a century-long search for an international entity that could bring perpetrators of crimes that cannot be handled by a national court to justice, for one reason or another. The ICC, however, is not merely a tribunal that tries specific crimes, but an international entity that carries with it the responsibility of promoting peacebuilding and perpetuating global governance as part of an international coterie of entities that the responsibility is attached to.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
society. Once the parliament has made the laws, the judicial arm of the government has the responsibility of applying the statute in cases brought in court. However, some of the laws made by parliament sometimes pose a big challenge to judges, especially where the statute law is ambiguous, has an error, or failed to factor in unforeseen developments (Solan 2010, p.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Positive reiforcement through the criminal justice system
The criminal justice system achieves positive reinforcement by rewarding behavior. Indeed, positive reinforcement is seemingly a reward and demonstrates how the civil society engages in various initiatives to secure the realization of international criminal justice.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Criminal Justice System College Essay
Processing data, however, is a question open to debate based on prevailing law enforcement thought, power balances between constituents and, not least, advances in technology. The impact of data collection, storage, retrieval, and analysis on criminal justice system cannot in fact be overemphasized given unparalleled advances in Internet technologies and computer-managed systems.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Criminal Justice Questionaires
Researchers who plan to use questionnaires usually start by writing the questions themselves or use ready-made questionnaires but with permission from the author. The former is true in the field of criminal justice where there is not much research done yet.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Criminal justice
The idea behind correctional facilities is to provide a way in which the victims of crime feel that justice has prevailed and the offenders pay for their crime and also that criminal offenders get correction for their
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Issues in Criminal Justice
The act of Mona is therefore condemnable and punishable after legal, moral and ethical evaluation. As per law, there are four different issues related to this
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation