The museum can be used for academic purposes for major academic resources to reinforce data and documents on relevant subjects. Thus, its importance lies in the fact that students, teachers, professors, art enthusiasts, archaeologists, and historians can utilize the museum for some exploration of knowledge that would aid research. The museum can likewise provide entertainment and knowledge to tourists who decide to visit it.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art is located in New York City and was designed by Richard Morris in 1895 after being founded in 1870 by a group of civic leaders, philanthropists, and artists. The conception of the museum began in 1866 when a group of Americans gathered at a restaurant in Paris, France to celebrate the American Independence Day on that Fourth of July. They came up with a proposition to establish a national institution and gallery of art and convinced American civic leaders, art collectors, and philanthropists to participate in the project. In 870, the Metropolitan Museum of Art was finally established which was housed in two different locations in New York City. The first was in 681 Fifth Avenue which was later moved to 128 West 14th Street.1
It includes European paintings on display, an unparalleled Egyptian gallery, and Asian art, sculpture, photography, and armory in its more than 1.5 million square feet of exhibition space. More than 2 million works of art are kept in the museum, spanning 5,000 years of culture from different parts of the world and from different historical periods.2 The aim and thrust of the museum is to educate the public and cultivate a high standard of artistic taste. The museum does not merely aim to establish a great collection of art objects, but to pursue and develop the study of the fine arts. The inspiring thought it carries is "Art for humanity's sake."3 The New York City owns and maintains the building in which the collection of the museum is housed.4
Major Collections at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
The major collections of the museum are the American decorative arts which range from the late 17th to the early 20th century; American paintings and sculptures such as California, an allegorical sculpture by Hiram Powers acquired in 1870; Ancient Near Eastern Art which represents the Neolithic period and the end of Late Antiquity; Arts of Africa, Oceania, and Americas; Asian Art which is considered the most comprehensive in the West; Egyptian Art uncovered through the museum's own archaeological explorations; and European paintings numbering around 2,200 pieces such as the works of Vermeer, Van Gogh, and Rembrandt. European sculpture and decorative arts are also found in the museum, as well as Greek and Roman Art and Islamic Art.5
An Artwork Found at the Metropolit