This methodology is adopted to conduct the study and to collect relevant data from the field work. Both the literature sources and the personal sources mostly out of the literature that is existing is made use of in the field report presented below.
ADHD has been found to afflict approximately 5 per cent of the population in most of the countries and is positioned at about 1.7% in UK (Helen Likierman & Valerie Muter 2007). This is largely neurological in nature and is considered as a development disorder. ADHD is lack of growth almost amounting to a deficiency of 40% when compared to their peers. ADHD is a compound term indicating that there is a neurological deficit in paying attention to details as well as there is a hyperactivity disorder. Either or both of them might be present for a person. There is no age limit observed for these illnesses. Study of ADHD starts with simple symptoms that is indicative of the disease the person is experiencing. The Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (1994), commonly known as DSM IV, has a definition for ADHD as follows:
"A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity - impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development. Some hyperactive-impulsive or inattentive symptoms that cause impairment must have been present before age 7 years, although many individuals are diagnosed after the symptoms have been present for a number of years. Some impairment from the symptoms must be present in at least two settings and there must be clear evidence of interference with developmentally appropriate social, academic, or occupational functioning." (p.78)
If a person is afflicted by attention deficit, then the symptoms would be as indicated below (Eli Lilly 2006):
1. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) could occur alone or with the hyperactivity disorder. People who are afflicted by ADD display a lack of attentiveness to what is being told to them often. When some one is talking to them, they are found not paying attention to the topic of the discussion. Attention test is normally carried out with the help of the Connor's Continuous Performance Test (CPT). This is carried out on people to identify the extent of attention that is being paid by the individuals (Walker et al. 2000). Continuous Performance Test is also used to measure executive function, psychomotor analysis and arithmetic skills in addition to the attention measures that is commonly done using this test. People who are having ADD generally display a lower attention level as well as most of the other measured parameters. Paying attention is one of the foremost issues faced by the people with ADHD. This results in changed behavioural tendencies of the child.
2. They might find it difficult to pay attention on play things and tasks that they are on. Some of the most commonly found problems