StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Philosophy: Plato's Republic - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Philosophy: Plato's Republic

In the Republic, justice is explained as a thing one ought to do and does ones best. Plato portrays that the ideal city consists of three social groups: workers, guardians and philosophers. Each of them hands certain natures that they cannot alter. Plato explains that attempting to do what people are not fitted to do by nature will only make them miserable. On the other hand, the tools people are handed at birth are not sufficient to guarantee that they will excel at the particular function nature assigns people. For that, education and training are necessary. Human natures must be nurtured if they are to bear fruit. Plato believes this to be as true of philosophy as it is of soldiering, farming, or weaving. "After the manner of poets, would seem to have spoken darkly of the nature of justice; for he really meant to say that justice is the giving to each man what is proper to him, and this he termed a debt" (Plato 1996).
Plato gives a special attention to the idea of justice and its role in the idea city. He state that those who rule do so by making and enforcing laws. Justice is obedience to those laws and injustice is disobedience to them. Since those who make the laws are not fools, and since they make laws that work to their own advantage, justice turns out to be the advantage of the strongest. "Two virtues remain to be discovered in the State--first, temperance, and then justice which is the end of our search" (Plato 1996). Plato describes that since most of people are not self-sufficient even in providing themselves with the requisites of physical survival, a role of the city is to produce them. The city incorporates a division of labor for the provision of food, shelter, and clothing. Plato underlines that people are more productive if they secialize in one thing rather than try to excel at many things, Socrates sets up the city as a community of interdependent shepherds, farmers, carpenters, weavers, cobblers, black smiths, traders, shopkeepers, and so forth.
Socrates agrees that the city he has described would be a truly healthy one and that to admit luxuries into it will. "Men of the governing class, are habituated to lead a life of luxury and idleness both of body and mind" (Plato 1996). On questioning poets about their expertise, Plato found that they in fact lacked the wisdom which they claimed, and were thus less wise than Socrates, who was at least aware of his own ignorance. He thus came to see that the wisdom which the oracle had ascribed to him consisted precisely in this awareness of his ignorance, and that he had a divine mission to show others that their own claims to substantive wisdom were unfounded. Plato underlines that this problem has deep roots and diverse causes: "there is an old quarrel between philosophy and poetry" (Plato 1996). Plato underlines that this enterprise of examining others (referred to as 'the Socratic elenchus'), which was the basis of his unpopularity and consequent misrepresentation, he later in ...Show more

Summary

The Republic is a philosophical treatise concerned primarily with the question of justice and with the living of a just life. Its principal emphasis, then, is on the conduct of individuals. However, The Republic relies quite heavily on analogies between the individual self and the political state, suggesting repeatedly that the rule of one's own self by each individual is a procedure quite similar to the rule of the state by political leaders The ideal city portrayed by Plato represents a complex account of the relation between nature and nurture, the state and population, society and governance…
Author : felicita06
Philosophy: Platos Republic essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Philosophy: Plato's Republic"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Philosophy - Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
Plato’s criticism of democracy is of the direct and unchecked democracy of Ancient Athens (557a-564a). Plato fears that democracy leads to an excess of freedom, which refers to the carefree state of doing whatever one likes. This kind of conception undermines the authority and purpose of the state, which is to limit the freedom of individuals with respect to what they can and cannot do.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Plato's Republic Philosophy Essay
Public organization, according to Plato, follows from the very conditions of existence, where a person is placed. Person’s organism constantly uses its strength, and this expense is the necessary condition of its activities which should be constantly made up for normal existence.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Plato's Republic
Plato emphasizes the need to value and uphold the rule of law. It is also significant to note that Plato tries to explicate the primary belief of political and societal justice and the importance of individual justice in a society. Plato made it clear that he disliked democratic system of government of Greece.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Philosophers v. Poets in Plato's The Republic
"There is an ancient quarrel between poetry and philosophy" (Plato 242) based on a difference in perception of truth, knowledge and ideas of justice. Wisdom is identified with self-knowledge, and Plato presents Socratic cross-examination as the fulfillment of a divine mission and therefore as a supreme act of piety.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Plato's The Republic Essay
as well as any and all key issues which are related to this subject of issue. The aim of this paper is to discuss all of this, in order to pose a more intellectual and critical understanding and viewpoint on this issue. This is what will be dissertated in the following.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Plato's The Republic
There is no dissembling in this particular piece and Plato takes a firm stand and backs it with powerful arguments and sheer rhetorical bombast. Socrates is the principle speaker in The Republic and having established (in theory) his ideal state, he rounds on the 'imitators', seeking to banish them from the state.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Plato's republic
With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Plato's The Republic Criticism of Democracy
One area of Plato's philosophy that has often been discussed is his views on politics and on the most suitable and best form of government. This may probably be considered as the most debatable and scandalizing area of his philosophy. In his work, Plato has explicitly stated his objection to democracy as a form of government.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Plato's Republic
among these other noble characteristics, it is no surprise how much importance Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and others ascribed to justice in the formation of a complete system of morality and an Ideal State. Plato, in fact, identifies justice not simply as something related to
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Philosophy: Plato's Republic
e political state, suggesting repeatedly that the rule of ones own self by each individual is a procedure quite similar to the rule of the state by political leaders The ideal city portrayed by Plato represents a complex account of the relation between nature and nurture, the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation