Basically, we have a tendency to relate unions for public sector companies where in every company there are thousands of workers and unions are formed independently for each one of them. But then it wouldn't be fair to shun the fate of small companies' employees who are vulnerable to any inhumane actions taken by the employer. Thus the concept of "Minority Union" arises where a single union is formed which constitutes of workers from across an industry joining hands under one roof and fighting for their rights and protection.
Usually if a Union election has to be conducted the workers need to approach the NLRB which then looks for the number of supporters proposing for the union. Thus the method of signing the card is involved where employees sign there interests for a union. Though the National Labour Relations Act says that even if 25% or less number of employees want to form an union, it should be facilitated provided it is to engage in mutually beneficial activities but the NLRB looks for 70% or more employees have signed the card will the board go forward with the conduction of election else it wouldn't .
As said before if the employees don't have the required numbers to form an union then it is left with the choice to seek support from a general labor organisation or it can go to form a minority union as said before, where there is one organisation for an industry which has employees from across the plethora of stores of that industry. The latter option is a better one because the problem faced by the employees in a particular industry can well be understood and emphasized only by his counterpart in the same industry; else it would become a perfunctory support extended to the employees which wouldn't be fruitful. Thus the minority union should have a national coordinator and forums to keep track of the current happenings in their respective industry and should also have an advising committee to advice them about the legalities present in the industry in case they have to face a problem.
Above all a minority union fund has to be maintained which would be used as a strike fund to conduct strikes and moreover compensate the employees with money commensurate with their weekly wages during their period of strike.
Rights involved in Union Campaigning:
The American Labour relations act enshrines the right on an employee to form an organisation and indulge in collective bargaining if it is for mutual aid. This means that the employees are free to go about forming their unions, attend union meetings and gatherings and involve in the union activities. Now, any initiative by the employer to subvert the process of unions by the employer is punishable but the employers are given the right to persuade the employees through some legally allowed steps. These steps can also be construed to be a part of the Employers campaigning process because of the intention is to counter any union formation. The legally allowed "Dos" for the employer are as follows.
The employer can talk to the working community one - one
The employer can show case to the worker the bad effects of forming a union
The employer can