In the novel, New England represents a core of American civilization founded on Protestant tradition. Hawthorne creates a powerful image of false morals and low social values which ruin life of innocent people. The psychological impact of low morals is heated by traditions existing in Puritan society and preached by members of this society. Hawthorne comments "Morally, as well as materially, there was a coarser fibre in those wives and maidens of old English birth and breeding than in their fair descendants, separated from them by a series of six or seven generations (Hawthorne, Chapter 2). The 'dark necessity' in all human affairs is the inheritance Hawthorne did not quite know what to do with.
Hawthorne depicts that the society is blind towards other people who differ form the crowd. Hawthorne portrays that when actions of one character begin to affect another person, the society has moved from personal morals to social morals which set limits on human behavior. If social morals are low it leads to low sufferings of people who do not follow social traditions and stipulated norms. ...Show more