In a reflective exploration of the role of international actors in the Arab-Israeli conflict, prominent international actors have involved in the conflict for a long time now. Significantly, the two parties engaged directly in the conflict are the Israeli government and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and various other international actors have taken part in the conflict. The international contingent known as the Quartet on the Middle East (the Quartet) has been concerned with the official negotiations in the conflict and special envoy representing this international body include the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations. Another important actor in the conflict has been the Arab League which has proposed an alternative peace plan for the resolution of the various issues in the region. Similarly, Egypt, which was a founding member of the Arab League, has played an essential role in the settlement of the various issues in the region. Therefore, this paper undertakes a profound analysis of the role of international actors the Arab-Israeli conflict during the Colonial period as well as Post -Independence period.
Whereas the Arab-Israeli conflict has several different dimensions relating to the various aspects of the political controversy, the role of international actors should be realized as an important area of discussion. The 1948 Arab-Israeli War, which is called the War of Independence by Israelis and al Nakba or the catastrophe by Arabs, was an important event in the course of the various international interventions in the region. This war was the first in a series of wars in the Arab-Israeli conflict and it established the state of Israel as an independent state. In the post-independence period, the United Nations has been one of the chief international actors which have played a vital role in the peace process in the region. In fact, the history of the United Nations is greatly connected to the Arab-Israel conflict. With the establishment of the UN, new methods of mediation and the first Peace Operations were adopted in the Middle East after World War II. It is important to realize that the United Nations adopted numerous actions to control the conflict and to establish new mechanisms when the Palestine issue exploded. "From 1946 to 2002, UN activity in the Middle East went through different phases. After the first Arab-Israel conflict in 1948, the Organization tried to obtain a lasting peace solution in the region. In the following crises, UN activity progressively lost the role of guide in the peace process. In 1956, 1973 and 1982, the Organization was the instrument with which the two Superpowers stopped the increase of violence and came to an understanding. From the Six Days War to the Yom Kippur War and in the Lebanese Civil War, the balance of powers in the region was upset by Israeli attacks preventing a lasting solution." (Mauro 2004). Significantly, the UN was unable to take control of the situation after the end of the Cold War. Similarly, the Organization was not able to contrast the fundamentalist forces opposed to the peace process in the region and it failed to enforce the observance of the Agreements of 1993-1995. Therefore, the United Natio