StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Struggle for Universal Human Rights - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Struggle for Universal Human Rights

This low incidence of intervention seems at odds with the agreement entered into by most countries in the Genocide Convention of 1948 wherein they committed, under Art 1, "to prevent and to punish"2 the crime of genocide. Could this failure to intervene in the genocidal activities of sovereign states be rooted on the inability of the human rights movement to propel international action The case of Darfur provides a timely opportunity to examine the truth of that theory.
It is imperative that a definition of genocide be explored and established first since much of the controversy surrounding international inaction today are in many ways related to the very definition and application of the term "genocide". As is best exemplified by Shelly's wordplay above, the definition and use of the term genocide has been muddled by political stratagems which seem to follow an unspoken rule to never use the term at all costs. Instead of the term "genocide", terms such as "ethnic violence", "ethnic cleansing", "acts of genocide", and "civil war" have become the trademark of the politically-savvy. It would be as though by avoiding the term genocide, a humanitarian crisis such as Rwanda or Darfur would cease to be genocide and transform into something more palatable to the taste. We must thus resort back to the definition of genocide agreed upon by the same international community before they actually found themselves bound to make good on such definition. In the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, the following definition is clearly detailed:
"Article 2
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group." 3

Based on Lemkin's definition of genocide as "the coordinated and planned annihilation of a national, religious, or racial group by a variety of actions aimed at undermining the foundations essential to the survival of the group as a group,"4 the definition above has been ratified by more than 100 member countries of the United Nations and continues to be in force today. For some, the Genocide Convention which enforces this definition was seen to usher in a new era for the global human rights movement especially in regards to combating genocide. Not only did it provide a clear definition of the crime of ...Show more

Summary

The global human rights movement, led by international non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations such as the Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, seems to be fighting a lost battle against genocide…
Author : gwendolyn60
The Struggle for Universal Human Rights essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Struggle for Universal Human Rights"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Critically evaluate the importance of the universal declaration of human rights in protecting human rights
Even though there were some rights of humans that were individually identified by most members of the League of Nations, these were highly isolated and differed one from the other. With the magnitude of human rights abuses that the two World Wars came about with, it became immediately necessary that there become an evenly distributed code that guided the protection of the fundamental human rights of people.2 Acting as the single global unifier of nations, the United Nations under the auspices and guidance of the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10 December 1948 in the French capital of Paris at Palais de Chaillot.3 Since the adoption
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
The Struggle for Universal Human Rights Essay
Sakharov and Solzhenitsyn are viewed through the history of the human rights movement as the two figures, which at first sight seem to take similar positions and have similar goals; however, it is important to note, that these two personalities had strong disagreements between each other and in reality moved drastically different ways, using different means of influence on the world community.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
An human rights be universal
In our world with cultures and societies as diverse as they can be, and with histories, ethnicities and traditions poles apart, could we even hope to call anything universal especially something as contentious as human rights On the one hand we have countries like the United States and France which are basically consumption oriented societies, where goods are abundant and economies work on how much each person spends.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
History Subject: The Struggle for Universal Human Rights. Topic Attached
Rwanda, Cambodia, Kosovo, and Darfur: These far-flung places have all held witness to the unspeakable violence of genocide. And while the global community has often voiced out its “agony” and “sympathy” for these victims of systematic yet senseless violence,
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Human Rights
e for which each human being is entitled and comprise the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and manifestation, and equality before the law of a nation. Few think, practically there is no difference between the two and consider both are same thing, but others keep the
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Discuss the relations between cultural claims, power and universal human rights
The roles of cultural and political history in constituting this national identity have been much debated. The rest of this essay will attempt to elicit the relationship between these concepts and
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Human Rights
This is when the Mexican government changed its neoliberal policies to gain entry into the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992. The Mexican government removed the land redistribution
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Universal Human Rights
This is to be achieved by the universal recognition and respect for human rights. Some of these are the civil, cultural, economic and political rights. For the first time, the UDHR recognized the
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Human Rights
A person’s happiness must be intensified and the suffering reduced. This research paper primarily looks at the deontological and the utilitarian aspects of the universal declaration of human rights. The universal
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Human rights
The international human right law sets out some government obligations on how they should or should not act. The main reason is to promote and protect human rights as well as an individuals or group freedom.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation