Some specific items under the broad categories mentioned includes the amount of potential customers and their preference, trends in economic growth and operating expenses such as wages, costs of local supplies, taxes and other expenditures, operations and profitability of competitors, planned economic ventures and differences in currency denominations. Also included is the determination of availability of resources, inflation rates, external debt payments as a measure of the credibility and involvement of the governing institutions of the country.
Equally important issues that must be considered are risks such as insolvency of the buyer, risk of protracted default or the failure of the buyer to pay the amount due within six months after the due date, risk of non-acceptance and surrendering economic sovereignty. There are also political risks (which would influence economic conditions) that must be taken into consideration such as the risk of cancellation or non-renewal of export or import licenses, conflict risks, risk of expropriation or confiscation of the importer's company, risk of the imposition of an import ban after the shipment of the goods, transfer risk or the imposition of exchange controls by the importer's country or foreign currency shortages. The World Bank currently has a numerical measure/ ratings in determining the 'business friendliness' of countries.
The financial database would include data on the following:
Commodities/Futures which includes exchange-traded futures, including synthetic nearby contracts for all major commodities/futures
Derivatives such as banker acceptances, caps/floors, forward rate agreements, index options, interest-rate options/swaps/swap options, and zero-coupon swap-yield curves
Equity concepts such as adjusted and unadjusted prices, volume, dividend data, corporate actions, fundamental information, and global equity pricing and fundamentals data
Money markets: certificates of deposit, commercial paper, discount, certain currency deposit and interbank bid/ask/deposit fixings, and policy rates
Exchange rates which may include historical data and data on emerging markets
Fixed income: benchmark yield curves, mortgage bonds/rates, repurchase agreements, and sovereign debt
Stock markets data which can include concept, geography, source, and frequency
Commitment of Traders Data when available.
It would seem that forecasting would require voluminous data. This would indeed be the case for some forecasting projects. However, some ventures would only require some data depending on the forecast models and equations they are using.
4.0 Factors for Globalization
There are many reasons why business firms are going global foremost of which to seek new markets. The logic behind this is the same as that of opening of another branch in another region of the country of origin. Branches are established to be able to capture the market effectively. Establishing operations in another country translates to millions of potential customers for individual based products and hundreds of agencies which may avail of the services of the company. For example,