StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling

Though the god has created both but they have different wills and desires (Book XII ).
Thomas Aquinas was born in southern Italy in 1225. He was greatly influenced by Aristotle whom he called, the Philosopher. He began his main socio- political work, Summa theologie in 1266. Aquinas, though never contradictory to Augustine, presented a soft and optimistic view of human governance of its affairs.
Clearly Influenced by Aristotle's philosophy Aquinas attempted recovery of Aristotle in the west. He has presented a milder and more optimistic theory which does not show intolerance of Augustine's stringent unworthiness of the worldly affairs. Aquinas did not find anything wrong with the Aristotle's humane, rational and ordered world. For him the interest of this world and the next can coexist and it is the duty of every individual to make best of the both these worlds. He respects Augustine's other world or heaven but do not find anything inappropriate in attaining this world's goods and achieving that world's bounties as and when time comes. He, however, emphasized that the meaningful existence in the former should lead to get entry in the latter. More than once the reader is forced to analyze Aquinas' effort stating forcefully as to why one should abandon the present living and think of divine and also his treatment to duty and philosophy as separate entities. Aquinas is highly inspired by Aristotle's famous maxim 'men is by nature a political animal' or Man is a social and political animal (4-6). The simple and comparative explanation clarifies Aquinas' thinking Animals are provided for their defense and food by the nature while man is not. Animals have thick and dense hairs to withstand harsh weather. Animals also have claws, long and sharp teeth to scare away or destroy their enemies. The food for survival is available in plenty for animals. Man lacks these facilities in him but is given power to reason to get these for his existence. But for that the man has to live in companionship with other fellow human. The communication and reason enable man to live in a society with others of his tribe. Augustine's neoplatinism does not believe in earthly politics. His duty is to please the divine and be a citizen of heavenly city. He stated that rules of such a society viz. prohibition and command are counterproductive since these increase desire to break the rule and indulged in sinful deeds (City of God, XIII:6). Augustine elaborated that social structure or governance may be indispensable to the well being but not for preservation, of members of society, nevertheless, it was hardly a noble phenomenon or an appropriate object of devotion. According to Augustine the governance led to increase in selfish interest and blocked the vision to attain true and greater good e.g. salvation to the city of god. Aquinas favors governance that since a societal living is necessary for orderly existence there should be some management or governance of society. Augustine also contradicts Aquinas views on society of men and its collective efforts to own nature's free bounties or snatch these from animals by using his ability to reason and communicate. He prefers that it should be equally available to man and animal and whosoever gets it first should be allowed to have judiciously since that is divine law. Augustine's views show extreme disliking ...Show more

Summary

Augustine was born at Thagaste at Roman province of Africa on 13th November 354. His mother was a Christian but his father was not. It is also said that he was not baptized as child. He started writing the De civitate Dei or The City of God in 410 after Alaric and vandals sacked Rome…
Author : valeriereichel
Augustines and Aquinas Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Augustine's and Aquina's Justification of the exercise of social and political ruling"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Augustine's Contribution to Epistemology
Augustine of Hippo to epistemology. Augustine delved into epistemology for the essential intent of grasping its part in the pursuit of attaining bliss. He asserted that human knowledge would be unachievable if God did not lighten up the human intellect and thereby permit it to perceive, realize or comprehend ideas.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Justification of Political Authority
Majority of contemporary political theorists consider that the state has authority in the descriptive sense. This means that the state maintains public order via creating rules and issuing commands that subjects generally obey due to the dominant belief that the state has authority to do so (Hart 1961).
30 pages (7500 words) Essay
Social and Political Philosophy
A trained physician, Locke took to musing on socio-political questions in the Anthony A. Cooper, the Earl of Shaftsbury. The Earl initially helped Locke to meet his worldly requirements as he
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Agustine and Aquina's justifications of the exercise of social and political ruling
(trans.), 1950, p. ix). Augustine was an observer of the fall of Rome in 410 A.D., and much of his political ideology as expressed in City of God, is a combination of Augustine’s meditative reflections on Christianity, and that which he
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Social contexts and the justification for punishment
Society therefore is one of the key instruments which identify what is right and acceptable and what is not. Any deviance from unacceptable therefore attracts the punishment
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Justification
Among the three political theories, the most significant and promising is the principle of fairness. The State, as governed by the principle of fairness, has the capability to settle social and political issues effectively, and its
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Social media exercise
There are 90,000 employees at Microsoft Company (“Glassdoor”). It is one of the companies which if granted the chance, I would be extremely excited. The site gives all the detailed information about the
2 pages (500 words) Essay
SAINT AUGUSTINE'S CONFESSION
As the story progresses, the reader understands how strongly Augustine is attached to his mother, who enlightens him to be converted to Christianity. In this paper, I will argue that Monica (Augustine’s mother) is the most important
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
SAINT AUGUSTINE'S CONFESSION
His inspirations and the narrations based on his Confession is a vivid picture giving the chronological evidence about his conversion to Christianity. In this paper, I will fully argue in support of the premise that Monica, Augustine’ mother, is the
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Augustine's Confessions
He questions the existence of God, and explains how God can reveal himself to people through faith. In Book 1, chapter 6, Augustine says, “...when I came into this life-in-death-or should I call it death-in-life?” (Augustine and Sheed 6). This paper examines this
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation