Then, there was also gradual integration and absorption of conquered people into Rome. Lastly, they made a gradual expansion until they reached their borders.
Polybius was a Greek historian who moved into Rome after the deportation of Greeks into Italy. He was therefore able to move to the Roman circles and witness major campaigns in the Mediterranean region. This gave him a great opportunity to analyze the principles beyond the Roman great success.
In order to be successful, Rome avoided the culture of tyranny by having a mixed constitution in which in a single state there are three forms of government which include the monarchy in form of elected executives, aristocracy represented by the senate and democracy in form of popular assemblies (Phiz).
The ambitions and human resources of Rome were growing at the same time. This made the leadership difficult to challenge for years. As a result Rome organized its plans well and developed a security complex which would enable it take rid of all its aggressors.
The other success factors for the Roman Empire were fate, determination fate and selflessness on the part of its leaders. It will be wrong to ignore the fact that Rome had very great naval ships and strong navy personnel who could traverse many regions and put them under their captivity. At times they even relied on foreign mercenaries especially when they were dealing with overseas countries.
The Aeneid These Romans had little experience in naval warfare prior to first Punic war but they later managed to defeat Carthage with reverse engineering and recruitment of experienced Greek sailors.
The Aeneid is the Roman epic poem which talks about the founding legends of the Roman Empire. One such legend is Augustus a title given to Octavian signifying a savior who had brought peace to Rome by ending civil war.
The Aeneid presents many parallels to the rise to power of Augustus for instance the civil war, the destruction of the Troy, the wanderings of the Aeneas, destruction of the republic and finally the creation of peace in the country.
The Aeneid is therefore a pro-Augustan propaganda since Virgil uses it for propaganda about roman heroes to come and the triumph of Augustus. In this way, Virgil was able to evade the unheroic events of Augustus rise to power in order to create a symbolic image of a clash between Romans and the Mark Anthony's eastern forces (Phiz).
The Aeneid is about how something gets started and every episode is charged with Aeneas destiny. This destiny enables him to transform the warrior hero into a man with a mission that would influence the world for centuries.
Aeneas' reluctance to leave his native city becomes not only a credit to his commitment but also an impediment to his historic mission. This implies that for every gain there must be a corresponding loss. Aeneas finally loses Troy in order to establish Rome when he defeats Turnus. This is a sign of commitment to duty which is one of the success factors for Rome. The victory displays his quest for Italy and it is a sign that the destiny has been realized (Phiz).
It is therefore evident that the Roman Empire succeeded because it had very unique military base. In addition the empire as presented by Polybius goes into war with a lot of determination to conquer all its neighbors.
In the quest for superiority, Rome copies the