Security challenges are featuring jumbled and confusing situations loaded with diverse and multi-shaped threats. There is a long list of threats, which is by no means exhaustive. Some of these threats include not only international war and conflict but also the local violence, well planned crime, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. The other threats with equally disastrous impacts are the high incidence of poverty. All these threats have the potential to undermine substantially the fabric of the nation state system.
Globalization is also the most compulsive factor of sprinkling risks by means of deactivating the muscles of a nation and preparing the ground where the prophecy about conflict would be hard to make. In a capitalism driven world, global media and new innovations facilitating them will affect both national and global politics and will in turn cultivate the socio-economic power and security accordingly. Additionally, the intertwined links that hold together the key players present in the battlefield of the contemporary world like military machines, NGOs and multinational companies pose a bigger challenge for military forces. It is becoming more obvious with each passing day that the immediate future would visit the militaries of this century with dynamic and greater requirements. This is the going to be the frame of reference in which we have to carve a niche for the key role of air forces. If air forces are to remain relevant in face of the changing world, they will have to correspond to the entirety of threats armed with the arsenal of precision, discrimination and reformed performance.
The Role and Utility of Military Force in Achieving Strategic Objectives in a Constantly Changing Setting
Warfareisemployedto bring about or to resist political, social, or economic changes. History provides evidence of such tangible, and frequently interrelated, causes as religious conflict, protection of dynastic succession, or acquisition of territory. War for acquisition of land is directly related to the necessity of providing food for a nation or a group. In antiquity and during the Middle Ages, wars were often based on the desire to subjugate other peoples and to increase wealth by exacting taxes and tributes from them. Wars are also often linked to a desire for security, on the theory that a so-called first strike prevents an enemy from carrying out threats. According to some much disputed theories, such as those of the Austrian zoologist Konrad Lorenz, innate aggressive drives are responsible for human beings' frequent recourse to warfare1.
In spite of the diversity of reasons why conflicts are waged, three things remain true. First, this social phenomenon occurs because of the desire to attain certain strategic objectives that can either bring the nation stability and continued existence or supremacy in the world's state of affairs. Second, the military will always be an indispensable part of a nation. Third, the increasing complexity of war due to the advances in technology, political alliances, media coverage, international laws and commitments and global markets poses challenges to the armed forces in the conduct of their operations particularly in the field of international security strategy.
The role of the military especially that of the air force in achieving strategic objecti