It also focuses on the causes or the determinants of health that ensure that the total environment is beyond the control of individuals and is appropriate for their health. The other principles of health promotion are communication, education, legislation, fiscal measures organizational change, community development as well as the local activities that are aimed at avoiding hazard from occurring within an organization (Naidoo, and Wills, 2000:91).
The elderly persons are considered to be persons that do not fully participate in the growth and development of a country. They use up the resources and perform no useful function within their organizations. However, the elderly persons are not always in the homogeneous group in the society. These people can be assisted by nurses to accept their situation and also maintain their dignity and independence as they live in the community. ...
As people age, their body parts tend to deteriorate due to factors such as pathological status that exist within the body and the lack of use of particular systems within the body. The rate of deterioration of the body organs can be reduced by doing regular exercises and changing eating habits such as avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol (Squire, 2002:75).
Pressure sores are some of the medical problems that affect the elderly persons. These people develop sores that are very painful that result from prolonged pressure on an area on the body that have got bony prominence and thin convening of the flesh. The pressure sores results from the breakdown of the skin that results from the exposure of toxic physical forces such as pressure and shear. This problem is described to be one that is associated with the persons that have complicated body parts that are frail and immobile. The major pressure sores are the tailbone, heels elbows and the shoulder bones sores. The factors that lead to the development of the sores include the presence of moisture that results from unchanged adult diapers, wet sheets, malnutrition and dehydration. Other factors include being immobile, and the failure of giving the patients proper nursing care to provide proper reposition of the bedridden patients regularly.
The persons that are likely to suffer from this medical problem are the residents who are over the age of 75 years and above, persons needing help while feeding and those who are completely unable to feed themselves. It also affects people who are underweight, those that suffer from decreased mental status, have dry skin and those who suffer from special medical