StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

PROBATION PRACTICE IN ENGLAND - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
PROBATION PRACTICE IN ENGLAND

Institutionalized racism produces discriminatory effects on health through public policy, the physical environment, social and medical services and preventive health policy.
The studies conducted by various organizations and individuals shows that the practice of racism is prevails in the criminal justice system also. There is recent evidence (from the 2000 British Crime Survey) that black and particularly Asian people are more likely than whites to say that the criminal justice system is effective in bringing offenders to justice, dealing with cases promptly and efficiently, and meeting the needs of crime victims. But at the same time Minority ethnic people were less confident that the system respected the rights of suspects and treated them fairly, and black respondents especially were less likely than whites to believe that the police treated witnesses well (Mirrlees-Black, 2001)(1).
Whatever it is, it is important to explore the field of probation practice and the treatment of minority ethnic groups in the criminal justice system, to identify the criminogenic needs of black and Asian offenders, and to explore their views about probation supervision, and to inform decisions about appropriate service provision.
Thereby we can have a deep look into the p...
1. Mirrlees-Black, C. (2001) Confidence in the Criminal Justice System: Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey. Research Findings No. 137, London: Home Office.
2
Thereby we can have a deep look into the probation practice to diversity in working with these Black and Asians .Moreover we can corroborate the possibility that people from minority ethnic groups may be subject to disadvantageous treatment at all stages of the criminal justice process, even if this does not result from overt racist discrimination (Phillips and B rown, 1998).(2)

Before going to explore the areas of diversities in the probation practice regarding the black and Asian offenders, it will be helpful to have look on the scope of probation practices and criminal justice system.

Probation service and Criminal Justice System

The National Probation Service is a law enforcement agency delivering community punishment, supervising offenders within terms set by courts & the parole board and working with offenders to reduce their re-offending & to protect the public. It is an integral part of the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system is defined by government as:(3) (1)Home Office - police, prison and the probation service,
2) Lord Chancellor's Department - crown and magistrates' courts and court of appeal
3) Law Officers' department - crown prosecution and serious fraud office.
This informal supervision was given a statutory basis by the Probation of Offenders Act 1907, which allowed courts to appoint and employ probation officers. They were required to advise, assist and befriend ...Show more

Summary

Racism is any form of bigotry, prejudice, violence, oppression, stereotyping or other socially divisive practice whose primary basis is the concept of race. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, racism is a belief or ideology that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially to distinguish it as being either superior or inferior to another race or races…
Author : jaidakoss
PROBATION PRACTICE IN ENGLAND essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"PROBATION PRACTICE IN ENGLAND"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Probation
In correction system, the offender is subjected to adherence of certain set of codes, regulations and rules under the supervision of a Probation Officer. This might instruct the offenders to discard the firearms and live in the place as directed or even to abide by the curfew in some of the cases.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Juvenile Probation
The justice system today is much more enlightened towards rehabilitation than the previous era's punitive tendencies. It is in this connection that the courts make a great effort to help these juvenile criminals make a change for the better to give them a second chance in life.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Feminism In England
Feminist theories are put forward to solve issues like the relationship between men and women, their different status in the social, political and economic systems and the power and prestige provided to them by the government and other officials. Feminists talks about the discrimination proposed by male society and the disenfranchisement of women's rights.
20 pages (5000 words) Essay
Feminist Movement in England
Feminism is a movement derived from the west in the early 20th century. It can be said that the movement started in the early 1920s which started to change the stance of women all over the world. Women have always been seen as a sign of disgrace and they have to struggle from the very start of this world to get their rights. In England, the movement of feminists has been quite successful to an extent.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Probation
John Augustus a Bostonian was the first probation officer to institute these disciplines as an alternative to incarceration. This is a discretionary model whose main goal of probation is to specialize in rehabilitation as well as high surveillance and punishing offenders.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
What Works Movement. Selective Aspects Of Probation Policy And Practice In The UK
'What Works' emerged as a fusion of previous modalities and their attempt to rehabilitate the offender. However, unlike earlier models of criminology that embraced one methodology, the new focus of the 'what works' movement utilizes the 'best' of other treatment modalities based on years of statistics and data driven results.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Should there be a Ministry of Justice for England and Wales What are the advantages and disadvantages
That is, the humans have involved or involving in threatening and dangerous activities, damaging fellow humans’ lives as well as themselves. To control and prevent these kinds of ominous activities, most of the countries
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
PROBATION PRACTICE IN ENGLAND
Racism has been a motivating factor in social discrimination, racial segregation, hate speech and violence. Racial discrimination is illegal in
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Corrections
However, there are many instances in which criminals change their behaviour after they went through the correction techniques. Probation, pardon
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Probation Officer
The main task of people from this professional is to supervise, monitor and submit reports to the court regarding an individual who has not yet been imprisoned
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation