The present predicament of culture is that media is deciding what culture is. This paper traces the origin of newspaper and its evolution as the guardian of civil liberties. Though the paper sees the others like the broadcast and electronic media as the offshoots of the newspaper as all of them begin ultimately with the written word, at the moment the focus of this paper is largely on the print medium. With globalization media show an alarming tendency to be in the hands of a few who see it only as an avenue for making money and thus to vitiate from its traditional role as a remedial moral force in the society.
weekly basis, the main purpose of which is to present news. In the passage of time newspapers also started providing special information to readers, like weather reports, telecast schedules, and movement of stock prices. They offer observations on politics, economics, and art and culture, and sometimes include amusement features, like
Newspapers existed on the earth in some form or other because of man's innate tendency to know news and share it with other fellow men. People disseminated news by word of mouth, written correspondence or public notices before the development of printing technology. As more people learned to read and write, news reports became more. Ancient Rome had a particularly stylish system for spreading written news. The practice of exhibiting handwritten reports called daily events (acta diurna) was prevalent from 59 BC up to at least third century AD. It publicized news of politics, trials, scandals, armed fights, and state implemented executions. There were similar government produced newssheets in China during this time. This was mainly for the court officials. During the heyday of Tang dynasty the Chinese used carved wooden blocks to print these government reports in large numbers. This might have been the humble beginning of the modern newspaper somewhere between 618-907.
With the dawn of Industrial Revolution in many parts of Europe, many crude
attempts have been going on for the development of a viable technique for printing large
numbers of copies. As a result, a printing press that used changeable type was designed in Europe in 1450, and enterprising people started using the invention to publish news. An amalgam of stories appeared in their news books like the news of royal wedding ceremonies, triumphant combats, or other exciting stories. The genera of poetry called ballades narrated actions in verse. Executives who wanted to notify the public of important procedures also used these news books. Thus, the alliance of the printed word with bureaucracy in Europe started in the early days of European news media.
However, the metamorphosis of the crude news book into a viable and regular newspaper emerged only in the passage of time. Newspapers brought out under the same name on a regular basis first emerged in Venice in the 16th century. Their stories were reports of