Compressive strength is one of the important parameters used for characterizing concrete. Measurement of its strength is done normally with an interval of 7 days. After 28 days whatever strength is obtained is known as its Characteristics Strength which is defined as strength of material below which not more than 5% of the test result are supposed to fail.1 Generally its strength distribution is of normal type having 95% area at the left side of day 28.
Date of Site visit: Word Count: Contents 1.0Introduction 3 2.0Location of the Building 6 (The location of High Street Plaza Shopping Center in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia) 7 3.0 Geotechnical and Environmental Studies 7 3.0Building Design 8 (The project design of High Street Plaza shopping center.) 9 4.1 Building Regulations 9 4.2 Type of Building 10 4.3 Layout of the Building 11 4.4 Building Material Specifications and Use 11 4.5 Safety Requirements 12 4.6 Foundation Design 12 4.7 Design of the Building 13 4.0Building Construction 13 5.1 Road Works 13 5.2 Landscape Work 14 5.0Problems Encountered in the Project 16 6.0Recommendations for Improvements 17 7.0Conclusion 17 9.0 Attachments 1
New and upgraded construction materials that develop into long lasting buildings can be implemented with innovative contracting mechanisms. The implementation of modern buildings in both methods and construction materials can be achieved through the use construction methods and specifications that diverts from the traditional methods.
In fact, this shift is more pronounced in the UK than in many other Western countries (Dalby, 1998). One factor driving these industries to apply modern types of construction are market forces, which have prompted the stakeholders in these sectors to reconsider and reenergize their approaches to customer services, planning policies, supply and demand issues and building regulations (Allen & Iano, 2008).
However, in the modern times, the government has been agitating the use of modern methods of construction. At the same time, the government has allocated huge funds to social housing programmes to encourage the new modern methods of construction and off-site manufacturing approaches.
The basement and foundation is one of the integral parts of a building and should have the amount of attention it requires. The area where the building is to erect has clay soil, which makes it rather risky from different aspects (Hassan, 2009, 126). Choice of Method In choosing of the area to construct, it is important to understand the setting of the area.
A polypropylene membrane that is breathable is then used as the roof underlay. This is important as is enhances the diffusion of the moist air that is inside through it, while keeping the moisture outside from getting inside. There are no ventilations and the air in the gaps leave via the breather membrane (Lstiburek, and Carmody, 2004).
The envelope also allows beneficial interaction with the external environment in the form of natural daylight, direct solar heating gains and the natural ventilation. The envelope of a building is no doubt has the greatest potential impact on heating or cooling energy consumption and it can also influence lighting and ventilation loads.
A well-designed building has three common attributes: it must fulfill the function, or the purpose for which it was built, it must be done in good taste and be pleasing to the senses, and it should have a sound structure, that is, constructed as not only to live out its projected life span but also to look as though it would (Upjohn 1968, p.