Moral theories

College
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 2 (502 words)
Download 0
Moral theories, ethics, values and psychological definitions appear to be so interwoven as to make it difficult to unravel where one begins and another ends. This essay will examine the definitions of both moral theories, their differences, fallacies, and motivation…

Introduction

It is described as follows by Moseley (2006): "The individual aims at her own greatest good" and "it is always moral to promote one's own good, and it is never moral not to promote it." The 'should' makes it a prescriptive doctrine; in its strong version, the theory holds that pursuing self-interest is the same as being moral and that a person should let nothing stop him form reaching his long term goals - every action should lead to this. This idea is supported in Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism, where she considers altruism (the opposite of egoism) to be immoral. She says in the Introduction to her book 'The Virtue of Selfishness' (Rand, 1964, 7)
The weaker version admits that not everybody does this, as self-interested actions can help others. In fact, Hobbes, in 'Leviathan' (1651) states in his Introduction that, despite having self-serving desires due to our mechanical nature, "the wealth, and riches of all the particular members are the strengths;" This suggests that values are around wealth and attaining our own ends, but Hobbes sees the man with these as contributing to the good of the whole society. The fact that ethical egoists obey laws, and carry out duties is not especially selfish, this too shows up as the weaker version.
Psychological Egoism: This is called an empirical theory because it derives from observation of human nature and doe ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Management theories
With new management theory so readily available, it seems that few if any of the historical theories meet our expectations today. However, in choosing one the choice here would be the Administrative Principles. This approach, at least made an attempt to focus on the total organization and today we know that each entity in an organization is important to the whole and how those entities function…
ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS THEORIES
The term ‘Ethics’ is used to define the study of the moral value of human behavior. Environmental Ethics deals with a cluster of problems that relate to the use of the environment. There are ethical issues involved in pollution and waste; and there are ethical issues involved in the conservation of natural resources for future use. Since environment ethics involve many issues hence a number of…
Moral theories
It is described as follows by Moseley (2006): "The individual aims at her own greatest good" and "it is always moral to promote one's own good, and it is never moral not to promote it." The 'should' makes it a prescriptive doctrine; in its strong version, the theory holds that pursuing self-interest is the same as being moral and that a person should let nothing stop him form reaching his long…
Moral
The plot of The Importance of Being Earnest centers around deception. Algernon is a wealth bachelor that lives in London. He often pretends to have a friend Bunbury who is sick and lives in the country. Whenever Algernon wishes to escape certain social utieshe is explains that he simply can no because he has to visit his sick friend. He can then escape and enjoy the pleasures that Victorian…
Assess Kant's ethics of duty and freedom as a response to all previous ethical theories.
In his "Critique on Pure Reason" Kant portrays a view of rationalists such as Descartes as being overly concerned with divinity and divine intervention. He felt that the preoccupation with the role of God in the control of human thoughts, feelings and actions posed a very clear contradiction to the inherent will of man. He adamantly opposed the philosophy of Descartes in that he feels that…
Moral Attitudes
It is the customs, religion, family believes which makes a human mind clear and earn the moral values of every thing and leads a life of good morality. If we talk about morality the first thought strikes our mind is about the bad deed like sex, drinking, stealing are not counted in good moral values however on the same end the drinking and sex is done but ethically they are not consider as a good…
Assess Kant's Ethics Of Duty And Freedom As A Response To All Previous Ethical Theories.
According to the Kantian ethics, people have the duty to act in certain ways even if it does not produce the best results. “The ethics of duty is rooted in Immanuel Kant's categorical imperative ‘Act only on that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law,’ which in turn is rooted in the belief that humans are rational beings capable of…