StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Historical Perspectives on motivation - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Historical Perspectives on motivation

Motivation, the drive to satisfy a need, ultimately comes from within an individual. The job of a manager is to find each worker's commitment, encourage it, and focus it on some common goal.2
Huit (2001) cites that there is a general consensus from a variety of psychology textbooks that motivation is an internal state or condition (sometimes described as a need, desire, or want) that serves to activate or energize behavior and gives it direction. The following are Huit's description of motivation: (1) internal state or condition that activates behavior and gives it direction; (2) desire or want that energizes and directs goal-oriented behavior; and (3) influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior. Frank (1994) also adds to Huit's list of descriptions by quoting that the arousal, direction, and persistence of behavior. However, Huit notes that many researchers are now beginning to acknowledge that the factors that energize behavior are likely different from the factors that provide for its persistence.
Early studies on management include the book written by the so-called "Father of Scientific Management" himself Frederick Taylor, entitled The Principles of Scientific Management, published in 1911. ...
This is in line with the dogma of scientific management, which posits that the way to increase productivity is to look into the most efficient ways of doing things and then teaching workers these methods. Jobs are detailed in such a way that each worker has a specified, well controlled task that can be performed as instructed. Specific procedures and methods for each job must be followed with no exceptions.3 Scientific management viewed people as machines that needed to be properly programmed and had little concern for the psychological or human aspects of work. Presently, much emphasis in some companies is still placed on conformity to work rules rather than on creativity, flexibility, and responsiveness. 4
Taylor's approach in his method included the following: time, methods and the rules of work. In progress to Taylor's efforts, time-motion studies involved breaking down the tasks needed to do a job and measure the time needed to do each task. One of Taylor's famous experiments includes increasing the output of a worker loading pig iron to a rail car. Taylor broke the job down into its smallest constituent movements, timing each one with a stopwatch. The job was remodeled with a decreased number of motions as well as effort and the risk of error. Rest periods of specific interval and duration and a differential pay scale were also used to improve the output. With scientific management, Taylor increased the worker's output from 12 to 47 tons per day! The Taylor model gave rise to dramatic productivity increases.5
Henry L. Gant, on of Taylor's followers, developed GANTT CHARTS by which managers plotted the work of employees a day in advance. It consists of a table of project task information and a bar chart that graphically displays project schedule, depicting ...Show more


One of the essential elements in order for leadership to succeed is to motivate others to do and give out their best. For one, the importance of satisfaction cannot be overstated. For example, losing an employee of the company can cost over $100,000 (i.e., cost for work left undone, publication costs for hiring information, training costs, and so on)…
Author : hailey03
Historical Perspectives on motivation essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Historical Perspectives on motivation"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Conceptual Framework: What is Motivation
Motivation is a driving force that initiates and directs behavior. Motivation can be viewed as an internal energy that drives a person to do something in order to achieve a certain goal (Schunk, Pintrich, & Meece, 2008). It is what causes an individual to take action, whether to eat a snack to decrease hunger or go in college to receive a degree.
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Perspectives on Organisational Change
Within the text, Organisation Change: Themes and Issues by Jim Grieves, the reader is introduced to a plethora of change concepts and the inner workings of how an organisation functions; as well as postulated theories associated with organisational actions. Most prominent among these are what is known as the Four Perspectives of Organisational Change.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Euthanasia and its Historical, Legal and Ethical Perspectives
Euthanasia can be voluntary or non-voluntary. In contemporary times, euthanasia is understood as a voluntary death assisted by a physician. For example, a terminally ill patient with acute pain and suffering “who asks his physician to either provide or administer a lethal dose of narcotics in order to secure a premature death”.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality
Despite the complexity of the overall issue and the various attempts at reassessment, there remains a basic controversy over opinion over this central issue, which would seem incapable of resolution. In some societies, homosexual relations are often tolerated while I some societies, they are often condemned.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Historical and Theoretical Perspectives onn Teaching Reading
These theoretical perspectives inform individuals about different methods of reading that will help student in developing their reading skills. Body Teachers can teach reading through several methods, one of these methods is the testing and measuring approach, in this method the teacher uses tests and assessments to measure how well the student has read and learned from the assigned tests (Lapp, 2007, p.423).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
What shapes historical development
What shapes historical development? Through the ages, human beings and their constant instinct for growth have altogether served as a leading component in molding the history of mankind. While men portray that is of primary significance to historical development inclusive of what they do or of what their endeavors consist of in the process, the corresponding changes thereof function in terms of enhancing further what has evolved, historically, in several aspects.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Global has given way to the trendier glocal. It's the era of revolutions and transformations- technological, communication cultural and even beyond. Industrialization initiated the trend and technical evolution catalyzed it. The World Wide Web was the icing on the cake.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on Teaching Reading
famous theoretical approaches in teaching reading delve into the modernist, transactional and critical perspectives, in addition to the whole-language, literature based reading instruction, and more recently, the balanced approach. This essay is hereby written with the
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Historical and political perspectives
The Special Education Needs and Disability Act 2001 and the Common Assessment Framework 2005 have continued to inspire a lively debate. While the SEN Act achieved a moderate degree of success, a consensus could not be reached on the validity of the new
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology
aviors patterns, the emotions and the thought process, in order to be able to establish what exactly causes the behavior, while also establishing the characteristics of such unusual behaviors, through the application of diverse theoretical frameworks. Nevertheless, the field of
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us